Nutrition and food selection are main components in the new Healthy People 2020 objectives. They incorporate the main goal to "promote health and reduce chronic disease risk through the consumption of healthful diets and achievement and maintenance of healthy body weights" (Healthy People 2020). When one consumes a healthy variety of substances, the body is able to maintain better well being for many years as opposed to someone who does not. However, when good nutrition is not accessible, certain risk factors can contribute to an unhealthy lifestyle. These symptoms include anemia’s, high blood pressure, diabetes, and even cancer. Nutrition plays a big role in everyone's life so knowledge must be attained in order to prosper in longevity. Another important aspect that should be discussed is cultural nutrition practices on health. "As it pertains to the use of food, culture defines what is edible" (Dudek, p. 211). In the nutritional assessment of JL, I notice that she comes from the ethical origins of Italian, German, and Polish. Although she comes from 3 different origins she stated that she relates more to the Italian cultures. Being from an Italian household myself I can relate to the nutrition practices of our culture. Eating is a part of life and a way to bond with your family. If you do not eat it is taken as a sign of disrespect and the family being to question your ulterior motives about dinner. JL stated that “Sunday dinner is a ritual in my family”, which usually consists of pasta and meatballs. On holidays, excess is not even the correct terminology to what an Italian table looks like. There is an array of appetizers and entrees to go around and you must save room for pastries and donuts for dessert. Eating is an ongoing process in an Italian family and in realizing this, I was able to assess correctly and plan positive health practices for JL.
Nutritional Assessment and Analysis
"For the "well" client, an optimal nutritional status helps maintain health, promotes normal growth and development, supports activity, and protects against disease" (Dudek, p. 228). Each individual should strive for this accomplishment because nutritional intake has the capacity of affecting all body systems. During the assessment of my client JL, I was able to gain knowledge and understandings of her nutritional status and how I can guide her to make more positive lifestyle choices based on the information collected. JL is a 20 year old female who is currently 5 feet 6 inches tall and weighs 110 lbs. Normal body weight for a female around that height is between 115-154 lbs. With this information I was able to calculate her body mass index (BMI) which is a number that is calculated from a person’s weight and height and is a fairly reliable indicator of body fatness for most people. According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention a normal BMI range is between 18.5 and 24.9, her BMI is 17.8, which indicates she is in the underweight category for adults. The Plan and Recommendations for Health Promotion
In analyzing the 24-hour recall of nutrients consumed in JL’s diet, I discovered that there were many excesses and deficiencies JL had that she was probably previously unaware of. RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances) "are used primarily by professionals both to plan and to evaluate the nutritional quality of diets, and to evaluate the adequacy of food supplies in meeting nutritional needs and the adequacy of government feeding programs (Dudek, p. 193). While many people think it is crucial to focus on calories and carbohydrates, there are many other significant factors that contribute to living a healthy and prosperous lifestyle. "Foods contain energy, nutrients, and other components that affect health; focus is on the total diet, with avoidance of both deficiencies and excesses" (Dudek, p. 197). It is vital for individuals to be informed of all the aspects...