Nutrition, Fitness, and Overall Wellbeing Decreases the Chances of Developing Congenital Hydrocephalus

Topics: Cerebrospinal fluid, Immune system, Hydrocephalus Pages: 7 (2334 words) Published: January 26, 2013
Nutrition, Fitness, and Overall Wellbeing
Decreases the Chances of Developing
Congenital Hydrocephalus
Gabriela Salas
Miami Lakes Educational Center
Ms. Algaze
Period 1 and 3

Hydrocephalus, meaning “water in the brain”, is an illness that affects one in every five-hundred Americans. Although the literal translation of the word means “water in the brain,” it is actually the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain cavity. There are two kinds of Hydrocephalus: congenital and acquired. In this paper, congenital Hydrocephalus is emphasized and the possible factors that might prevent it before birth. Within the nine articles provided, sufficient information was available in order to provide the reader with background knowledge about the illness-its cause, diagnosis, treatment, and outlook- as well as insight on possible ways to prevent it. Congenital Hydrocephalus develops mainly because of genetic defects, something that can be reduced, according to British researchers in the University if Central of Florida, with a dietary supplement during pregnancy.

Nutrition, Fitness, and Overall Wellbeing Decreases the
Chances of Developing Congenital Hydrocephalus

One in every five-hundred children is born with Hydrocephalus in the United States (Compton's by Britannica, 2011). Hydrocephalus is a neurological impairment that results in the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain cavity. Cerebrospinal fluid is not a liquid which simply cushions the brain and carries chemicals around it; it is actively produced and transported and plays an essential biological role in developing the brain." The word Hydrocephalus comes from the Greek word ‘hydro’ meaning water, and ‘cephalus’ meaning head. Usually, the cerebrospinal fluid flows freely within the brain cavity because the lining through which it should be absorbed is inflamed because of an infection of blood in the fluid (Compton's by Britannica, 2011). In other scenarios, the channels through which the cerebrospinal fluid flows becomes blocked, therefore causing accumulation in one of the ventricles (Compton's by Britannica, 2011). There are two main types of Hydrocephalus: acquired and congenital (Zhang, Williams, Rigamonti, 2006). When a person develops Hydrocephalus after their skull is no longer malleable, it is usually because they’ve experience brain injury, or have developed a tumor or cyst on the brain or spinal cord (Compton's by Britannica, 2011). The pressure caused by the buildup can become life-threatening if it is not taken care of immediately. Normal pressure hydrocephalus, which is when The intracranial pressure gradually decreases but still maintains a slightly elevated level and the cerebrospinal fluid pressure reaches a high normal level, have distinct symptoms such as: problems with walking, impaired bladder control leading to urinary frequency and/or incontinence, and progressive mental impairment and dementia. An individual with this type of hydrocephalus may have a general slowing of movements or may complain that his or her feet feel "stuck." Because some of these symptoms may also be experienced in other disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus is often incorrectly diagnosed and never properly treated. Congenital Hydrocephalus discernibly is the most common type of Hydrocephalus, and the type that can presumably be manipulated through the healthy lifestyle choices of an expecting mother. Hydrocephalus most commonly develops within the womb or during early childhood because of bleeding within ventricles of their brain or because of the after effect of meningitis (Compton's by Britannica, 2011). The dilated scalp veins protrude and run along the skull. Infants show a level of discomfort, are not able to stand bright lights, have frequent headaches, do not have regular reflexes, vomit frequently, and-in rare case- become convulsive. Genetic factors play a...
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