Nutrition and Health Worksheet

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Nutrition and Health Worksheet

Use Ch. 1 of Contemporary Nutrition, Ch. 2 of Visualizing Nutrition, supplemental course materials, the University Library, the Internet, or other resources to answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be 75 to 100 words.

|What is nutrition? Why is nutrition essential to our daily lives? | |Nutrition is a science that allows individuals to link food to health and disease. This is highly important because nutrition | |allows individuals to understand the essential link between what he or she intakes and what and how that (intake) has an effect | |on his or her body. This understanding then gives way to individuals having the ability to understand what he or she should eat | |and how much in order to lead a healthy life. This science has given birth to things we learn about quite often such as the food | |pyramid that outlines what and individual should be taking in on a daily basis and how much. |

|What is the connection between nutrition and health? | |The connection between nutrition and health is knowing what an individual should put into his or her body in order to lead a | |healthier life. Again, tools such as the food pyramid (which is updated as new discoveries are made) educate and inform | |individuals what he or she should be eating and how much. Nutrition also allows nutritionists to create diets specific to certain| |individual’s needs such as diabetic individuals. This means that nutritionists can personalize diets for any given individual; | |this will give him or her the exact nutrition he or she needs for a healthier life. |

|What are the six classes of nutrients? What are essential nutrients? What are the sources of nutrients? What do nutrients do? | |The six classes of nutrients are as follows carbohydrates, lipids, protein, vitamins, minerals, and finally water. | |Essential nutrients are nutrients that the body cannot make on its own or cannot make enough of it to get the recommended amount,| |when left out of a diet health will decline; however when added back in before it is to late health will recover. | |Nutrients come from foods that an individual eats. Nutrients are substances within the food that are vital for growth and | |maintenance of a healthy body for life. |

|How do vitamins and minerals work? | |Vitamins allow chemical reactions to happen within the body. One reaction vitamins support is releasing the trapped energy in | |carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. Vitamins do not hold and calorie value to the body though; vitamins simply support the | |chemical reactions. | |Minerals are simple inorganic structures; because minerals are simple structures they are not destroyed during cooking. Minerals | |may get lost in water when being cooked if the water is then discarded. Minerals help with the nervous systems, water balance, | |and structural systems (as well as other cellular processes). Like vitamins, minerals hold no calorie value to the body. |

|What does it mean to eat a balanced diet? Why is food choice important for good nutrition? | |A balanced diet means an individual is getting all of the appropriate portion sizes and serving sized of all the food groups. | |This means making sure that the individual is not eating a lot of protein but no...
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