Topics: Nutrition, Vitamin, Carbohydrate Pages: 5 (1730 words) Published: May 16, 2013
Nutrition (also called nourishment or aliment), which has many types of meaning. Many people would say nutrition keeps your body healthy and fit. Nutritionists will say nutrition is food that is required by your body, cells and organisms to keep you healthy and alive. Nutrition comes from the food that you eat. To make sure you are getting what nutrition you need, you should look at the nutrients. Healthy eating plate is another way to get the nutrition you need or even try being vegetarian. In this Paper you will learn information on nutrition, healthy eating plate, and even if any person is vegetarian how they can get the nutrition which is require by they their body .

Nutrition comes from nutrients. Protein, Carbohydrates, fibers, vitamins and minerals, fats, and even water are all nutrient that your body gets from the food. To build and maintain your body tissue you need protein that gives you amino acid. There are twenty essential amino acids and you must have all 20 amino acid so your body can function properly. 12 amino acid are manufactured in the body but other 8 acids have to provide by your diet. Every human body can get these by eating egg, drinking milk, and yogurt with chopped nut, cheese sandwich, and pasta with cheese, pancake and much more. According to nutritionist Christine E. Miller dialysis patients can get the 8 acids “I now recommend my patient to take supplements, such as Nepro” (Miller 5).

The bodies main source for energy is carbohydrates. Carbohydrate should be your main daily food intake. Carbohydrate compromise power, mental focus, muscle strength and endurance, and recovery. There are two types of carbohydrates simple and complex. In simple carbohydrates your blood sugar level is increase rapidly. “After Simple carbohydrates have been digested they enter the bloodstream as glucose to provide a rapid sources of energy to the baring exercising muscles” (Al-Masri, Lilah and Simon Bartlett 7) An example of a simple carbohydrates are sugar, honey, raisins, white bread, bananas and energy gel. Were in complex carbohydrates blood sugar level is increasing slowly. An example of complex carbohydrates is beans, peas, grains, oatmeal, apple with sink and potatoes. The biggest different simple and complex carbohydrates is simple carbohydrates give energy fast and it’s their for short time, were in complex carbohydrates the body is getting energy slower and it’s there for long time. Most nutritionist prefers to use complex carbohydrates since it has more nutritious and have fewer calories per gram. “Diabetics also preferred complex carbohydrates because it has better blood glucose control” (“Nutrition Play V2” 1).

Fiber is found from plants. It is made up from complex carbohydrates, which require healthy digestion and other functions it is called dietary fiber. Dietary fiber is found in food that comes from plants like fruits, vegetables, whole grains and nuts. There are 2 type of fiber soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and if can be found in apple, dried beans, oatmeal and oat bran. Insoluble fiber does not dissolved in water due to large amount of cellulose. Insoluble fiber can be found on vegetable skins and pulp of fruit. Although soluble and insoluble fibers have some similarities like they’re both digested in stomach, both have small amount of calories, and intestines. Each kind of fiber has different health problems benefits.

Next vitamins and minerals, “Vitamins are organic substances present in food and required by the body in a small amount for regulation of metabolism and maintenance of normal growth and functioning” (“Nutrition Play V2” 1).Commonly vitamins are known as A, B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folic acid), B12 (coalmine), C, D, E and K vitamins. Vitamins B and C are water-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins are easily transported in blood and dissolved in water. “Daily intake of...
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