Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site.
Theorist Selected: Ida Jean Orlando Pelletier
Description of Theory: Ida Orlando developed the theory that nurses are people who act deliberately. “Orlando’s theory is a reflective practice theory that is based on discovering and resolving problematic situations. If the problem is not discovered, it cannot be solved. The centrality of the patient is ever present when using Orlando’s theory (Schmieding, 1983).” Ida Jean Orlando's deliberative nursing process is a nursing theory that allows nurses to be creative and effective nursing care plan that can be tailored when and if any problem come up with the patient. The deliberate nursing process has five stages; assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. There are five concepts mentioned by Alligood (2010): •Professional nursing function—organizing principle
•Patient’s presenting behavior—problematic situation
•Immediate reaction—internal response
•Deliberative nursing process—reflective inquiry
Theory’s Historical background: Ida Jean Orlando was born in 1926 in New York City. Orlando was educated as a nurse at New York Medical College, received a Bachelor’s of Science degree in public health at St. John’s University. Ms. Orlando received a Master’s of Arts degree in mental health nursing from Teacher’s College, Columbia University. In the 1950’s the government was very charitable with grants for the integration of mental health into nursing. Ida Orlando was an associate professor at Yale School of Nursing, and served as the Director of the Graduate Program in Mental Health Psychiatric Nursing. Ms. Orlando became the project investigator for the National Institute of Mental Health grant from Yale University.” Whereas nursing theories were most often developed deductively in the 1950s, Orlando was the first to develop theory inductively in an empirical study of nursing practice. For 3 years, she observed and recorded what she saw and heard in interactions between patients and nurses (Orlando, 1989; Pelletier, 1976)” (Alligood, 2010, p. 337). Ida Orlando categorizes the nurse that she observed into good and bad and developed her theory from there.
Major theory assumptions related to:
Define according to theorist:How does this concept relate to nursing practice?How does this concept relate to nursing education? Person
Each person is only one of a kind. According to Alligood (2010), The person is the patient with the unmet needs, and the nurse will use the deliberate nursing process to meet the needs of the patient. This process will be done by the nurse’s observation verbal and nonverbal cues (p. 340). The patient will be the center of care and will be a part of the care delivery and input. The nurse will use the deliberate nursing process to evaluate the patient. The time spent between the nurse, and the patient will bring out known problems. Orlando’s (1961) Deliberative nursing process views the nurse-patient situation as a dynamic whole. The nurse’s behavior affects the patient, and the nurse is affected by the patient’s behavior. To be successful, the nurse’s focus must be on the patient rather than on an assumption about the nature of the patient’s problem and on arbitrary decisions about actions to be undertaken (Alligood, 2010).Today Orlando’s theory, prolong theory development for the future will enhance communication. The nurse, and the patient will have a better understanding of each other. Thus, the patient will be better educated. Health
“Freedom from mental or physical discomfort and feeling of adequacy and well-being contributed to health” (Alligood, 2010, p. 345). Orlando theory acknowledges the patient’s illness not only physical, also mental....