Nursing Research Critique

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Critique of Article:
Effectiveness of integrative and instrumental reminiscence therapies on depression symptoms reduction in institutionalized older adults: An empirical study PA
Kaplan University

The study “Effectiveness of integrative and instrumental reminiscence therapies on depression symptoms reduction in institutionalized older adults: An empirical study”, investigates two aspects of reminiscence therapy and the reduction of depression in the elderly. Reminiscence Therapy (RT) was first developed by Butler (1963) as a psychological intervention for older adults; however, research findings regarding its therapeutic utility as inconsistent and inconclusive (Karimia, et al., 2010). Not entirely sure what reminiscence meant, I looked it up. According to the Dictionary.com (2013), reminiscence is the act of recalling a past event or experience; reviving a retained memory or event. Reminiscence Therapy involves the discussion of past activities, events and experiences with another person or group of people. It usually involves the aid of tangible prompts such as photographs, household and other familiar items from the past, music and archive sound recordings and is intended to aid in resolution of past issues or to connect to good memories, aiding in a sense of well-being. In this paper, I will be critiquing the article, evaluating the aspects of literature review in research that have been taught in NU310 over the past nine weeks to determine credibility of the study, reliability of the information and adherence to study guidelines. Title/Abstract

An abstract is a concise overview of the research information that includes the purpose, methodology, results and conclusions of the study. It should be able to stand alone and “allow a reader to decide whether or not to read the full text because your research and conclusions have relevance for his/her research” (Millbrook House, 2004). The abstract in this paper is concise and inclusive of the purpose, results and conclusion of the study. I was distracted by the lack of basic information about Reminiscence Therapy and found myself searching for definitions to better understand the terminology in the study in order to follow the writer. The results of that search are shared in my introduction. Despite the lack of definition, I did find the writers were clear in their purpose and indicated enough information regarding the outcomes that the analysis met the requirements. Based on this information and the literature reviews included in the study, I find the title to be appropriate, especially the portion “an empirical study” as it lets the reader know up front that this is an empirical study, which does not use a scientific method or theory. Problem/Purpose Statement

The introduction of this study begins with a broad statement regarding the research findings of reminiscence therapy and its therapeutic use being inconsistent and inconclusive. The writers launch right into a review of the literature, leading the reader down a twisting path of studies that result in greatly varying outcomes. The problem statement seems to be the lack of consistent and conclusive outcomes from past reminiscence therapy studies, but it’s not 100% clear. In one paragraph the writers indicate in “reviewing 57 controlled studies to assess the effects of psychotherapy and other behavioral interventions on clinically depressed older adults …cognitive behavioral therapy and reminiscence therapy are particularly well-established and acceptable forms of depression treatment” (Karimia, et al., 2010). But quickly follow with a statement that “Lin, Dai, and Hwang (2003) carried out a systematic review [and] reported a lack of consistency in the findings of the research on therapeutic utility of reminiscence” (Karimia, et al., 2010). Not until the end of the introduction do the writers loosely define reminiscence and its usefulness in...
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