Nursing Research

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One of the key events which effect on nursing research, in my view, is that the National Institutions of Health Revitalization Act of 1993 became law. From this historical Act, National Center of Nursing Research (NCNR) became the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) in 1993. From there, NINR upgraded its full status as a National Institutes of Health (NIH) which marked key milestone for nursing research in modern history. NINR provides its major funding for nursing research. During the 1990s, NINR funded nursing research on the community-based nursing models, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), cognitive impairment, living with chronic illness, and bio-behavioral factors related to immunocompetence (Burns & Grove, 2003). NINR had facilitated some great scientific researches such as, promoting disease prevention and health promotion in the communities. It also looks at basic researches, improving knowledge of biological systems including the genetic and genomic contributions to symptoms and health conditions. The goal of nursing research today is to develop an evidence-based practice (Burns & Grove, 2003). NINR funded research programs also promote clinical intervention studies, and improves better health outcomes. For example, NINR funded clinical study, leaded by Dr. Nancy Bergstrom, using qualities and quantitative research method, at multi-site study, successfully tested the Braden scale measurement for risk of pressure ulcer and the accuracy of Braden scale. As the result, the scales are used in health care facilities not only in the States, but around the world as well. Paradigm is sets of beliefs and practices, shared by communities of researchers, which regulated within disciplines (Polit & Beck , 2012). NINR support and funded qualitative research study, which leaded by Dr. Joanne Harrell, in 1998. In her study, she proved risk of cardiovascular disease can begin at an early age and created an educational program for elementary...
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