The following is the statement of philosophical beliefs regarding nursing, the teaching/ learning process, nursing education and the role of the Practical Nurse and/or Associate Degree Nurse as prepared by the nursing faculty of New Mexico State University at Carlsbad.
Nursing is an evolving science, seeking to find its own unique definition. Within that definition we consider the following to be unique components: caring, communication, interpersonal processes, and skilled intervention all of which have as their focus the health and well being of man. Therefore, as we consider our philosophy of nursing, we inevitably consider our beliefs about man. We believe man exists as a holistic individual within the context of a culturally diverse society. “In modern society, man is expected to be self-reliant and responsible for himself and for the well being of his dependents.”1 This self reliance and responsibility is manifested by the individual’s ability to maintain self-care or to promote the self-care of others, which is affected by life experience, culture, and environment. Individuals and groups have the right of culturally specific care in order to promote or maintain self-care or promote care of others. These self-care needs are manifested in the form of self-care requisites which include: universal, developmental, and health deviation care requisites. Self-care is a requirement of every person; and when it is not maintained, illness, disease, or death may occur.
Most social groups further accept that persons who are helpless, sick, aged, handicapped, or otherwise deprived, should be assisted in their immediate distress. This assistance involves interventions geared toward attaining, maintaining, or regaining responsibilities within the individual’s existing capabilities. This assistance should occur within the social and cultural context of the individual and may involve the... [continues]
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