Jennifer Gauze, Kathy Hatfield, Karen Hunt, Rina Lacombe, Jillian Morrow, Stephanie Yates Theories and Models of Nursing Practice
May Thirteenth, 2013
Nursing Philosophy, Model, and Theory Discussion Question
In this paper we are going to discuss three different theorists, Dorthea Orem, Ida Orlando, and Betty Neuman. We will discuss how their theories expand our view of the nursing process and now they fit during our workday. Dorthea Orem believed that people have the innate ability for self-care (Simmons, 2009). It is our duty as nurses to encourage, and promote self-care though patient teaching. This is critical to maximize our patient’s health. We are to make sure patients can meet their basic needs by participating in their care. Simmons, L. (2009). Dorthea orem's self care theory as related to nursing practice in hemodialysis. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 36(4), 419-21. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/216533281?accountid=35812
Ida Jean Orlando's theory focuses on how nurses process observations and respond based on the interactions with their patients. Orlando's theory differentiates between automatic and deliberate action (Alligood, 2010). Orlando's theory of deliberative nursing process is important in the planning stage. Planning verses automatic action is crucial to ensure the desired outcomes in implementing care for patients. Taking time to process the observations made during the nurse-patient interaction assists in planning individualized patient care based on the needs that are identified for that specific patient. Orlando's theory is also evident in evaluating whether or not the desired needs were met and if not what actions should be planned next. ( Karen ) Alligood, M.R. (2010). Nursing theory: Utilization & application (4th ed.). Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby Elsevier. Retrieved from the University of Phoenix online collection Database...