³The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery or to a peaceful death thus he would perform unaided, if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge and to do this in such a way as to help him to gain independence as rapidly as possible -the concept of nursing according to Virginia Handerson (1958) The essential components of professional nursing practice (according to ANA) include care, cure and coordination. Nursing is based on scientific principles and an art i.e. composed of skills that require expertisedness and proficiency of their execution.
Nursing is a dynamic, therapeutic and educative process in meeting the health needs of the society, assisting the individual or family to achieve their potential for self direction. Education brings change in the behavior of individual in a desirable manner. It aims at all round development of an individual to become mature, self sufficient, intellectually, culturally refined, socially efficient and spiritually advanced. Nursing education has brought changes in the behavior of the student nurse so as to prepare her to play her roles effectively as an individual and as a good responsible citizen.
The practice of educational nursing began in the United States on October 1, 1902 when the initial role of the school nurse was to reduce absenteeism by intervening with students and families regarding health care needs related to communicable diseases. While the nurse¶s role hasexpanded greatly from its original focus, the essence of the practice remains the same. The nurseeducator supports student success by providing health care assessment, intervention, and follow-up for all children within the school setting.
Three phases are included in nursing education:-
Pre- nursing education:- spread information of nursing to the prospective Candidates, publicity and guidance about...