Nursing

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|Jean Watson's Philosophy of Nursing | |This page was last updated on January 26, 2012 | |[pic] | |Introduction | |Theorist - Jean Watson was born in West Virginia, US | |Educated: BSN, University of Colorado, 1964, MS, University of Colorado, 1966, PhD, | |University of Colorado, 1973 | |Distinguished Professor of Nursing and Chair in Caring Science at the University of | |Colorado Health Sciences Center. | |Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing. | |Dean of Nursing at the University Health Sciences Center and President of the National | |League for Nursing | |Undergraduate and graduate degrees in nursing and psychiatric-mental health nursing and | |PhD in educational psychology and counseling. | |Six (6) Honorary Doctoral Degrees. | |Research has been in the area of human caring and loss. | |In 1988, her theory was published in “nursing: human science and human care”. | |The seven assumptions | |Caring can be effectively demonstrated and practiced only interpersonally. | |Caring consists of carative factors that result in the satisfaction of certain human | |needs. | |Effective caring promotes health and individual or family growth. | |Caring responses accept person not only as he or she is now but as what he or she may | |become. | |A caring environment is one that offers the development of potential while allowing the | |person to choose the best action for himself or herself at a given point in time. | |Caring is more “ healthogenic” than is curing. A science of caring is complementary to | |the science of curing. | |The practice of caring is central to nursing. | |The ten primary carative factors | |The formation of a humanistic- altruistic system of values. | |The installation of faith-hope. | |The cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others. | |The development of a helping-trust relationship | |The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings. | |The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision making | |The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning. | |The provision for a supportive, protective and /or corrective mental, physical, | |socio-cultural and spiritual environment. | |Assistance with the gratification of human needs. | |The allowance for existential-phenomenological forces. | |  | |The first three carative factors form the “philosophical foundation” for the science of | |caring. The remaining seven carative factors spring from the foundation laid by...
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