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Nurses Role and Individualised Patient Care

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Nurses Role and Individualised Patient Care

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The Author will describe the nurses role and discuss individualised patient care based around legal and ethical frameworks that guide and govern nurses in their roles as healthcare professionals. A five stage process to nursing care is one framework use to deliver this care and consists of assessment, diagnosis, care planning, implementation and evaluation and is an on-going, continuous cycle that only ends when goals are achieved and homeostasis is restored, or reasonable expectations of health for individuals are met.

There are many definitions on the role of the professional nurse and one put forward by the RCN (2002) states that Nursing is the use of clinical judgement and the provision of care to enable people to promote, improve, maintain or recover health or when death is inevitable, to die peacefully.

Good communication is vital for any nursing activities to begin. Patients often feel anxious, and vulnerable, they may have learning disabilities, depression or confusion caused by anxiety, especially on admission into a hospital setting. The relationship between patient and the nurse, is one based on trust. Patients have expectations to be cared for by a professional, without causing them harm within a safe environment. Clear verbal, or non-verbal communication using body language, respecting individual needs, wishes, and desires are key components to assessment in the nursing process (Kopp, 2002).     

Nurses have a professional obligation to ensure they promote and protect the interests and dignity of patients and clients, irrespective of gender, age race, ability, sexuality, economic status, lifestyle, culture and religious and political beliefs (NMC, 2002).

A non-judgemental approach must be taken not just respecting the uniqueness of individuals, but also not letting the nurses own perceptions, personal beliefs, attitudes or any other factors discriminate against patients in the care they deliver (Koh, 1999). Assessment is not performed...