Nur 163

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Erikson’s ego development outcome: identity vs. role confusion states from adolescence through adult hood development depends primarily upon what we do. Adolescence is a stage at which we are neither an adult nor are we a child. Life of an adolescent is a very complex age and it is difficult for them to find their identity. They struggle with social interaction, and have to deal with moral issues. During this time the adolescent must discover who they are as an individual person, separate from their family of origin, become an active member of a larger society. The teen will experiment with different roles, activities, and behaviors. During this process many adolescents will experience role confusion and withdraw from responsibility. They experience a new and exciting types of physical growth and sexual development. These mental and physical types of changes will help them to form a strong identity and develop a sense of direction in life.

Piaget’s theory the formal operational stage also starts at adolescence and follows through adulthood. The adolescent learns to think about complex issues and use logical thinking, deductive reasoning, and systematic planning to resolve them. The teen develops ways of considering possible outcomes and consequences of their actions. They are able to plan quickly an organized way of resolving many different problems. This is the time when adolescents have a huge ability to acquire and use knowledge. This acquired knowledge can help them to develop a workable philosophy of life. This type of thinking requires abstract, analytic, and many hours of thinking and soul searching.
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