In 1976 as part of the land claims negotiations between the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (then called the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada) and the federal government, the division of the Northwest Territories was discussed. On April 14, 1982, a plebiscite on division was held throughout the Northwest Territories with a majority of the residents voting in favour and the federal government gave a conditional agreement seven months later. The land claims agreement was decided in September 1992 and ratified by nearly 85% of the voters in Nunavut. On July 9, 1993, the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act and the Nunavut Act were passed by the Canadian Parliament, and the transition was completed on April 1, 1999. 1. Nunavut has the same power in Canadian federal circles as Northwest Territories, and may govern its lands as it now wishes instead of having to get permission as the entire NW Territories. 2. The local Inuit tribes have a better chance to save their native language and tribal traditions. 3. The locals now had control of several mines and fishing troughs for revenue, as well as one of the most strategic pieces of land in the northern hemisphere for shipping. 2. First step in creating the Province of Nunavut.
As a province,Nunavut will have the same structure as other provinces, giving full voting rights to the population, and more representation by people elected by the local population at meetings of the premiers of the provinces and territories of Canada. This will include the ability to collect provincial taxes, and operate a provincial budget without the supervision of the federal government. 3. At the dawn of the 21st century, the Inuit of Canada have made important political gains. They now collectively own much of the Arctic outright, and enjoy considerable political power within their territories. The creation of Nunavut, in particular, underlines the important role the Inuit now play in Canada. However, fundamental difficulties remain....
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