|The Mayan Number System | |The Mayan number system dates back to the fourth century and was approximately 1,000 years more advanced than the Europeans of that | |time. This system is unique to our current decimal system, which has a base 10, in that the Mayan's used a vigesimal system, which | |had a base 20. This system is believed to have been used because, since the Mayan's lived in such a warm climate and there was rarely| |a need to wear shoes, 20 was the total number of fingers and toes, thus making the system workable. Therefore two important markers | |in this system are 20, which relates to the fingers and toes, and five, which relates to the number of digits on one hand or foot. | |The Mayan system used a combination of two symbols. A dot (.) was used to represent the units (one through four) and a dash (-) was | |used to represent five. It is thought that the Mayan's may have used an abacus because of the use of their symbols and, therefore, | |there may be a connection between the Japanese and certain American tribes (Ortenzi, 1964). The Mayan's wrote their numbers | |vertically as opposed to horizontally with the lowest denomination on the bottom. Their system was set up so that the first five | |place values were based on the multiples of 20. They were 1 (200), 20 (201), 400 (202), 8,000 (203), and 160,000 (204). In the Arabic| |form we use the place values of 1, 10, 100, 1,000, and 10,000. For example, the number 241,083 would be figured out and written as | |follows: | |Mayan | |Numbers | |Place Value | |Decimal Value | | | |[pic] | |1 times 160,000 | |= 160,000 | | | |[pic] | |10 times 8,000 | |= 80,000 | | | |[pic] | |2 times 400 | |= 800 | |...

...Pi has always been an interesting concept to me. A number that is infinitely being calculated seems almost unbelievable. This number has perplexed many for years and years, yet it is such an essential part of many peoples lives. It has become such a popular phenomenon that there is even a day named after it, March 14th (3/14) of every year! It is used to find the area or perimeter of circles, and used in our every day lives. Pi is used in things such as engineering...

...Add your name and roll number at the beginning of each program, in comments. Plagiarism: Any sort of plagiarism is not allowed. If found plagiarized it will be graded 0 marks. __________________________________________________________________________________________
Q.1: Write a program that lets the user perform arithmetic operations on two numbers (integers). Your
program must be menu driven, allowing the user to select the operation (+, -, *, or /) and input...

...operations involves either a predictable rhythm of inventory turnover as a result of consistent sales, or dependable communication between the two divisions so the inventory department will know how much the sales department needs. In order for this system to function smoothly, the sales department must have a clear idea of how long it takes the inventory department to acquire more product, through production or ordering, and must plan its orders accordingly.
Consequences of an...

...IX Mathematics Chapter 1: NumberSystems Chapter Notes
Key Concepts 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Numbers 1, 2, 3……., which are used for counting are called Natural numbers and are denoted by N. 0 when included with the natural numbers form a new set of numbers called Whole number denoted by W -1,-2,-3……………..- are the negative of natural numbers. The negative of natural numbers, 0...

...An Historical Survey of NumberSystems
Nikolai Weibull
1. Introduction
In a narrow, yet highly unspecific, sense, a numbersystem is a way in which humans represent numbers. We have limited our discussion already, for it is merely humans among all known species who have the ability to count and form numbers which we later can perform calculations upon. Many—often very different—number...

...he number theory or numbersystems happens to be the back bone for CAT preparation. Numbersystems not only form the basis of most calculations and other systems in mathematics, but also it forms a major percentage of the CAT quantitative section. The reason for that is the ability of examiner to formulate tough conceptual questions and puzzles from this section. In numbersystems...

...THE REAL NUMBERSYSTEM
The real numbersystem evolved over time by expanding the notion of what we mean by the word “number.” At first, “number” meant something you could count, like how many sheep a farmer owns. These are called the natural numbers, or sometimes the counting numbers.
Natural Numbers
or “Counting Numbers”
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, . . .
*...

...
THE DIVINITY OF NUMBER:
The Importance of Number in the Philosophy of Pythagoras
by
Br. Paul Phuoc Trong Chu, SDB
Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, were profoundly fascinated with numbers. In this paper, I will show that the heart of Pythagoras’ philosophy centers on numbers. As true to the spirit of Pythagoras, I will demonstrate this in seven ways. One, the principle of reality is mathematics and its essence...