Nuclear Technology

Topics: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation, International Atomic Energy Agency Pages: 6 (2285 words) Published: February 17, 2013
Control on Nuclear Technology
Nuclear technology made an explosive entrance in the scientific world in 1939 when the United States was made aware of Germany’s testing on nuclear technology, and they began the Manhattan Project in an attempt to create a nuclear weapon before Germany did. The United States scientists successfully harnessed the power of the atom in a bomb, and the United States took its spot as the first nation with fully functioning nuclear technology. This technology, in the forms of energy and weaponry, has advanced greatly since then and has spread to become an international affair that involves just about every nation in the world (“Science”). Although some believe that nuclear technology should be allowed to be spread due to the benefits that nations can get from the technology; the potential dangers that come to the people and environment, the increased threat from terrorists, and the danger to the international community all outweigh the benefits. Due to this, a strict control must be placed upon the technology to keep it from spreading and a policy of denuclearization must be followed so that the technology can cease to be used.

In order for the situation to be fully understood, there are a set of terms that must be known. The set of terms are MAD, IAEA, United Nations, NPT, proliferation, strict control, and loose control. MAD stands for Mutually Assured Destruction, and it is a military theory that is used to fight nuclear warfare in which both sides in the war are in possession of nuclear weapons and thus neither side will launch an attack on the other because both sides known that doing so would mean that retaliation would occur and both sides would end up being hurt. IAEA stands for International Atomic Energy Agency and it is the organization that is in charge of securing peace and safe use of nuclear technology. The United Nations, called the UN for short, is an international organization whose goal is to promote peace. NPT stands for Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and it is a treaty made under the UN where nations agreed to limit the spread of nuclear technology. Proliferation is the term used when talking about the spread of nuclear technology to more nations (Landau). Strict control in this context would be a control in which the technology would not be allowed to exist while loose control would allow the technology to exist and all nations have the option to use the technology, but regulations will be placed to ensure its safe usage.

Currently, the United Nations is attempting to push for a decrease in the use of nuclear technology. This comes in the form of the NPT, which exists in an attempt to keep the technology from spreading to other nations (“Strategic”). In 1945, the United States showed the destructive capabilities of nuclear weapons when it bombed Nagasaki and Hiroshima, and these remain as the only examples of detonation of nuclear bombs. Nuclear technology actually became a large global issue with the Cold War, when Soviet Russia and the United States entered an arms race in which both nations mass produced the weaponry in numbers capable of destroying Earth several times over (“Science”). The most recent occurrence pertaining to the nuclear technology was with the technology in form of energy when a nuclear facility in Fukushima, Japan exploded last year after it overheated following the tsunami and earthquake that hit Japan.

With the great danger that comes from allowing nuclear technology to be used, a strict control is necessary in order to eliminate this technology and by doing so, provide for a greater level of safety for the planet. The issue of nuclear technology is a global issue because all nations can be affected by the effects of nuclear technology and they also have the possibility of attaining the technology. The proposed solution to the issue of nuclear technology is for the superpowers of the world to come to a mutual agreement in which they...
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