The nuclear power stands on the border between humanity’s greatest hopes and its deepest fears for the future. But what happens inside a nuclear power plant to bring such marvel and misery into being? Imagine following a volt of electricity back through the wall socket, all the way through miles of power lines to the nuclear reactor that generated it. You'd encounter the generator that produces the spark and the turbine that turns it. Next, you'd find the jet of steam that turns the turbine and finally the radioactive uranium bundle that heats water into steam. Welcome to the nuclear reactor.
The main reaction taking place inside a nuclear reactor is nuclear fusion which is the process by which two or more
atomic nuclei join together, or "fuse", to form a single heavier nucleus. This is usually accompanied by the release or absorption of large quantities of energy. Fusion is also found in the process that powers active stars, the hydrogen bomb. Most nuclear fuels contain heavy metal fissile elements that can be made to undergo a nuclear fission chain reaction in a nuclear reactor. The most common fissile nuclear fuels are Uranium 235 and Plutonium 239. There is no disagreement that clean sources of energy are vital to the environment.
Nuclear energy has been proposed as an answer to the need for a clean energy source as opposed to CO2-producing plants.
Nuclear energy is not necessarily a clean energy source. The effects nuclear energy has on the environment pose serious concerns that need to be considered. Nuclear power plants constantly emit low levels of radiation into the environment. Various scientific studies have shown an increased rate of cancer among people who live near nuclear power plants; there Is also a degree of damage low levels of radiation cause to wildlife and plants. Radioactive waste is a huge concern. Waste from nuclear power plants can remain active for hundreds of thousands of years and has to be stored somewhere, this results...
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