Nuclear Physics

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³Rationalizing the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant´
The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant located in at the foot of Mt. Natib in Morong,Bataan. It started construction on 1976 and was almost at its completion in 1984 duringthe administration of former President Ferdinand Marcos. This was in response to the1973 oil crisis and cost $2.3 billion. In 1986, succeeding President Corazon Aquinodecided not to operate the nuclear power plant because of the recent Chernobyldisaster during the time, as well as, the 4000 defects in the plants design andconstruction, and the disapproval of many Bataan residents and Philippine citizens.It seems that the disadvantages of reviving the Bataan Nuclear Power Plantoutweigh the advantages that it proposes. It is true that if the nuclear power plant isoperational, our dependence on foreign oils and natural gases will significantlydecrease. However, we have to be mindful that the generating capacity is only aboutthe same a single geothermal plant which is not really much. And although buildingcost of the nuclear power plant was high, the running cost is relatively low due to thefact that only a small amount of Uranium is needed to produce a great amount of energy, but the risk and danger are incredibly high. The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant issituated near the doormat Mt. Pinatubo and several earthquake fault lines, and is just100 kilometres from Manila. When Mt. Pinatubo exploded in 1991, the nuclear power plant was left unharmed, but the nuclear power plant wasn¶t in operation. If the nuclear power plant is to be revived, no one knows what will happen to the plant if any seismicactivity were to occur. Just recently, with the very advance technology and resourcesthat Japan possesses, an earthquake has almost resulted in a nuclear disaster andmeltdown of the Fukushima Power Plant. The cost in the long run is not economically ideal either. The National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) has stated that after studying the financial plan of KoreaElectric Power Corporation (KEPCO) it may cost up to $1 billion to rehabilitate thepower plant which would put the estimated cost of the power plant to $3.3 billion. TheBataan Nuclear Power Plant is the single largest debt item of the Philippines of whichwe have been paying interest for the past 35 years.Though the Uranium cost is much lower than fossil fuel, there is this problem onhow to dispose nuclear waste. Therefore, The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant should notbe reopened because the drawbacks and disadvantages far outweigh the benefits. If the Japanese, who have one of the biggest economies in the world, could not contain anuclear meltdown with all their preparedness, and knowledge and experience inNuclear Power, what more us Filipinos who have no experience in operation a nuclear power plant. We, Filipinos, have proven to the world that we are experts and a worldleader in some renewable sources of energy, especially geothermal. To date, thePhilippines is one of the biggest producers of geothermal energy. The Philippines alsohave hydroelectric, wind, and solar to mention a few. Therefore, it is our conviction thatinvesting in these renewable energy sources are the best sustainable alternatives toaddress the long term energy requirements of the Philippines. The nuclear power plant stands on the border between humanity's greatest hopes and its deepest fears for the future. On one hand, atomic energy offers aclean energy alternative that frees us from the shackles of fossil fuel dependence. On the other, it summons images of disaster: quake-ruptured Japanese power plants belching radioactive steam, the dead zone surrounding Chernobyl's concrete sarcophagus. But what happens inside a nuclear power plant to bring such marvel and misery into being? Imagine following a volt of electricity back through the wall socket, all the way through miles of power lines to the nuclear reactor that generated it. You'd encounter the generator that produces the spark and the turbine that turns...
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