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nuclear fusion vs fission

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´╗┐Nuclear Fission vs. Fusion
By Braiden Mason
Nuclear fission takes place when an atom's nucleus splits into two or more smaller nuclei. These smaller nuclei are called fission products. Particles (neutrons, photons, alpha particles) usually are released, too. This is an exothermic process releasing kinetic energy of the fission products and energy in the form of gamma radiation. Fission may be considered a form of element transmutation since changing the number of protons of an element essentially changes the element from one into another. Nuclear fusion

If light nuclei are forced together, they will fuse with a yield of energy because the mass of the combination will be less than the sum of the masses of the individual nuclei. If the combined nuclear mass is less than that of iron at the peak of the binding energy curve, then the nuclear particles will be more tightly bound than they were in the lighter nuclei, and that decrease in mass comes off in the form of energy according to the Einstein relationship . For elements heavier than iron, fission will yield energy. The Similarities

In nuclear fission, a neutron splits a heavy atom of lets say uranium into two lighter ones. The split is accompanied by a large amount of heat energy and more neutrons. The neutrons go on to split nearby uranium atoms in a chain reaction. The fission in this chain reaction is controlled by the nuclear reactor's control rods. The lighter atoms are the radioactive wastes that cannot be harnessed for more energy. The downside is toxic waste that hangs around for centuries and has to be disposed of somewhere. In contrast, nuclear fusion combines lighter atoms to form heavier ones. Specifically, isotopes of hydrogen combine to form helium isotopes and energy. It's much more similar to how stars -- including the sun -- create energy and heat in their cores. Although nuclear fission-powered plants have been in use since the 1950s, prototype nuclear fusion reactors are still not...
Nuclear Fission vs. Fusion
By Braiden Mason
Nuclear fission takes place when an atom's nucleus splits into two or more smaller nuclei. These
smaller nuclei are called fission products. Particles (neutrons, photons, alpha particles) usually
are released, too. This is an exothermic process releasing kinetic energy of the fission products
and energy in the form of gamma radiation. Fission may be considered a form of element
transmutation since changing the number of protons of an element essentially changes the
element from one into another.
Nuclear fusion
If light nuclei are forced together, they will fuse with a yield of energy because the mass of the
combination will be less than the sum of the masses of the individual nuclei. If the combined
nuclear mass is less than that of iron at the peak of the binding energy curve, then the nuclear
particles will be more tightly bound than they were in the lighter nuclei, and that decrease in
mass comes off in the form of energy according to the Einstein relationship . For elements
heavier than iron, fission will yield energy.
The Similarities
In nuclear fission, a neutron splits a heavy atom of lets say uranium into two lighter ones. The
split is accompanied by a large amount of heat energy and more neutrons. The neutrons go on to
split nearby uranium atoms in a chain reaction. The fission in this chain reaction is controlled by
the nuclear reactor's control rods. The lighter atoms are the radioactive wastes that cannot be
harnessed for more energy. The downside is toxic waste that hangs around for centuries and has
to be disposed of somewhere.
In contrast, nuclear fusion combines lighter atoms to form heavier ones. Specifically, isotopes of
hydrogen combine to form helium isotopes and energy. It's much more similar to how stars --
including the sun -- create energy and heat in their cores. Although nuclear fission-powered
plants have been in use since the 1950s, prototype nuclear fusion reactors are still not practical or
economical for commercial use. Nuclear fission plants also carry the danger of meltdowns such
as those that occurred recently in the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan, which
was damaged by an earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. As a result of this accident, many
nations are reevaluating their use of nuclear fission power. Now although a scientist who I cannot
name invented a type of goo from diaper crystals that has the ability to be sprayed.
In later years we might have the ability to repopulate the ghost town of Chernobyl. We might be
able to repopulate the population of 12,500 residents, or we may, and take this into account, have
the ability now with the super goo exceed those numbers but that would be in the future may be