NUCLEAR ENERGY AND SAFETY
Consumption of energy is increasing nowadays so nuclear energy has very importance for energy needs. Nuclear energy is produced naturally and in man-made operations under human control and it is a thriving global industry. A total of 435 nuclear power plants are operating around the world in 30 countries. Also , nuclear energy has some advantages Nuclear energy has the lowest impact than fossil fuel energy on environment because nuclear plants don't emit harmful gases and require a relatively small area for production. If mistakes don’t occur , there are no significant adverse effects to water , land and air resources . However , nuclear energy is so dangerous when accidents occur in nuclear plant ,problem of storing nuclear wastes occur and nuclear power contributes to the proliferation of nuclear weapons. For all these reasons , nuclear energy is a safe source of energy.
There are many reasons that show nuclear energy is more dangerous than conventional energy. First reason is nuclear accidents. When something goes wrong , nuclear accident can occurs. Four major nuclear accident occurred in the world. (Featherstone ) For example; the world's worst nuclear power accident occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in the Ukraine on April 25, 1986. Hundreds of thousands of people were exposed to the radiation. Several dozen died within a few days. In the years to come, thousands more may die of cancers induced by the radiation. Another accident is Fukushima nuclear accident that occurred on March 11, 2011. An earthquake and tsunami caused Fukushima accident in Japan. The potential danger from a nuclear accident is exposure to radiation. Exposure could result from the release of radioactive material from a nuclear plant into the environment. ( Nagataki ) Based on studies on atomic bomb survivors, it is accepted that there is a linear increase in the risk of cancer with the increase of radiation dose. To...
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