Ancient Greek philosophers were the first to come up with the idea that matter is made up of invisible particles. The Greeks called these invisible particles "atoms", which is Greek for invisible. Scientists studied this idea in the 18th and 19th centuries. After many experiments physicists found out that atoms contain a large amount of energy. Ernest Rutherford, a British scientist, was known as a father of nuclear science for his devotion to the theory of atoms. He wrote: "If it were ever possible to control at will the rate of disintegration of radio elements, an enormous amount of energy could be obtained from a small amount of matter".
About a year after Ernest Rutherford's theory, Albert Einstein had his theory on the relationship between mass and energy. His theory was E=mc2, which is basically "energy equals mass times the speed of light squared". About 35 years have passed before someone proved this theory.
In 1934, a physicist named Enrico Fermi discovered that neutrons could split many forms of atoms. With these new discoveries, Fermi led a group of scientists to create the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
So now that we have some background history on nuclear energy, let's examine our advantages and disadvantages in using this form of energy:
Nuclear energy is considered to as a better alternative because it emits much less greenhouse gases than coal or other types of power plants. Nuclear power plants also have relatively low operating costs, and we have a wide amount of known technology in the field of nuclear energy. This energy can also be able to power industrial or city needs.
Nuclear energy is a very good energy source, but some disadvantages could affect our environment or our lives. Radiation is one of the major problems. Other problems that...