Dr.Telani Meena Horo Divya Jyoti Tirkey
Lecturer Development Officer
Deptt of Political Science Sir Ratan Tata Trust
Patna University, Patna Mumbai
The national Rural employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) notified on September 7, 2005 is an e employment programme with its right based approach that makes the government legally accountable for providing employment to those who demand it. It is a flagship programme that directly touches the lives of the poor people. Its main objective is to augment the wage employment. It enhances the livelihood security of the people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days wage employment in a financial year, to a rural household whose members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The unskilled laboures are paid the minimum wage fixed by the state government. If there is a failure to provide employment within 15 days of application given the state government would have to pay an unemployment allowance to the worker which is at least one-fourth of the wage rate for the first thirty days and not less than one- half of the wage rate for the remaining period. The NREGA act also says that priority shall be given to women in the allocation of work in such a way that at least one-third of the beneficiaries shall be women. The Act promises to provide equal wages to both men and women with the priority to be given to women in a way that at least thirty three percent of the beneficiaries shall be women. It ranks among the most powerful initiatives ever undertaken which gives new identity to women besides transforming the lives of the rural poor.
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act has increased employment... [continues]
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