Using this online NPV Calculation Tool http://finance.thinkanddone.com/online-n… we get the following NPV at 15%
Net Cash Flows
CF0 = -3000000
CF1 = 1100000
CF2 = 1450000
CF3 = 1300000
CF4 = 950000

...Many nurses are weak with drug calculations of all sorts. This article will help to review the major concepts related to drug calculations, help walk you through a few exercises, and provide a few exercises you can perform on your own to check your skills. There are many reference books available to review basic math skills, if you find that you have difficulty with even the basic conversion exercises.
Common Conversions:
1 Liter = 1000 Milliliters
1 Gram = 1000 Milligrams
1 Milligram = 1000 Micrograms
1 Kilogram = 2.2 pounds
Methods of Calculation
Any of the following three methods can be used to perform drug calculations. Please review all three methods and select the one that works for you. It is important to practice the method that you prefer to become proficient in calculating drug dosages.
Remember: Before doing the calculation, convert units of measurement to one system.
I. Basic Formula: Frequently used to calculate drug dosages.
D (Desired dose)
H (Dose on hand)
V (Vehicle-tablet or liquid)
D
H
x V = Amount to Give
D = dose ordered or desired dose
H = dose on container label or dose on hand
V = form and amount in which drug comes (tablet, capsule, liquid)
Example:
Order-Dilantin 50 mg p.o. TID
Drug available-Dilantin 125 mg/5ml
D=50 mg
H=125 mg
V=5 ml
50
125
x 5 =
250
125
= 2 ml
II. Ratio & Proportion: Oldest method used in calculating dosage.
Known
...

...Grade Average Calculation
There are 3 grade averages: TGA, CGA and GGA.
TGA (Term Grade Average) is the combined grade average covering all courses taken in the term and
the session immediately following.
CGA (Cumulative Grade Average) is computed based on all the courses taken by the student which
are expected at the time of calculation to be applied towards the degree requirements in the current
program.
TGA & CGA =
Sum of (Course Credits x Course grade points)
Sum of Course Credits
GGA (Graduation Grade Average) is calculated at graduation from the courses that are presented for
the award of a degree. Courses taken in the first year of study are given a half-weight. Students who
enter the University with credit transfer of 10 credits or more are not eligible for this half-weight
concession.
Note:
a) Credits/grades that are omitted from grade average calculations
Transfer credits and courses graded AU, I, P, PP or W are omitted from the calculation of all three grade averages.
b) Calculation of ‘F’ grades
For failed courses which are repeated, the new grade obtained after repeating the course will replace the previous
F grade and course credits are only counted once in the calculation of CGA and GGA.
c) Uncleared ‘F’ Grades
For failed courses which are not repeated, the uncleared ‘F’ grades will be included in the CGA and GGA
calculations (the grade averages will be pulled...

...5-1 Earned Value Calculation
1.
PV-BCWS=$3607.14
EV-BCWP=$3593.34 (.98 x 3666.67) CPI x AC
AC-ACWP=$3666.67 (3593.34/.98) EV/CPI
2.
SV= -13.8 (3593.34 – 3607.14) EV – PV
CV=73.33 (3593.34 – 3666.67) EV – AC
SPI=1.0 (3593.34/3607.14) EV/PV
CPI=.98 (3593.34/3666.67) EV/AC
3.
According to these calculations, the schedule variance is running late and the cost variance did not run over. The SPI is 1.0 which means that it is running on schedule. The CPI is .98 which is over budget by .02%. I don’t feel that the project is too far off schedule which they should be able to celebrate.
Calculations:
6/7=86% complete
Budget
101000/4mth=25250
25250/7 tasks=3607.14 each task
Actual
88000/4mth=22000
22000/6 tasks=3666.67 each task
If 7th task was done
91666.67/4=22916.67
22916.67/3273.81 each task if complete 10% under budget
5-2 Earned Value Calculation
Activity Budget % Complete BCWP BCWS ACWP Cost Variance Schedule Variance CPI SPI
A $1,600.00 100% $1,600.00 $1,600.00 $1,800.00 -$200.00 $0.00 0.8888889 1
B $4,000.00 100% $4,000.00 $4,000.00 $4,500.00 -$500.00 $0.00 0.8888889 1
C $14,050.00 90% $12,645.00 $14,050.00 $13,500.00 -$1,035.00 -$1,405.00 0.9366667 0.9
D $5,800.00 10% $580.00 $2,900.00 $500.00 $80.00 -$2,320.00 1.16 0.2
E $12,000.00 0% $0.00 $2,400.00 $0.00 $0.00 -$2,400.00 0 0
F $5,200.00 0% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 0 0
G $3,900.00 0% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00...

...Connection Development & Evaluation Centre
Prepared by: Alief Taufiqurrahman
Test Engineer
Dogleg Calculation Using strain DAQ
1 Purpose
To compare dogleg value between strain DAQ and theoretical results, during combine loading axial and bending. 2 Problem Statement Dogleg values between strain DAQ reading and theoretical results is not showing a good agreement during combine loading (i.e. Tension and Bending). The strain DAQ could not show the actual dogleg values, it shows the artificial and actual dogleg. Artificial dogleg occurred due to variation of material properties throughout the cross-section. 3 Method of Calculations 3.1 Strain DAQ V3 Uni-axial Strain method was used to calculate the dogleg, thus 4 uni-axial strain gauges were installed on each section of the specimen (total 2 sections). The setup will give 8 strain signals which eventually the strain DAQ software will calculate the dogleg values. However, the values indicate by the software is not the actual value due to variation of strain signal during tension (caused by variation of material properties on cross section). The dogleg values are shown on Figure 1. 3.2 Theoretical Values Theoretical results were obtained from the raw data generated by strain DAQ. The following formulae (see Annex E of strain DAQ manual for further detail) were used to calculate the dogleg values :
a) Determine the Bending Strain in the 0° plane for each section :
b) Determine the...

...Net Present Value
Net present value (NPV) and Internal rate of return (IRR) are used to determine whether to accept a project or not.Net Present Value (NPV)Net present value is the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows. It is used in capital budgeting to analyze the profitability of an investment or project.
NPV= sum[CFt/(1+r)t]-C0
CFt– cash flow in the time t
C0 – initial investment
r – periodic interest rate
NPV rule:
Accept all independent projects with NPV greater than 0 as they add value to shareholder. In case of mutually exclusive projects, the project with the highest NPV should be chosen
Advantages:
Direct measure of the dollar contribution to the stockholders.
NPV method is preferable for non-normal cash flows (e.g. negative cash flows)
Disadvantage:
Does NOT measure the project size.
Internal Rate of Return (IRR)
The discount rate makes the net present value of all cash flows from a project equal to zero. The higher a project's internal rate of return, the more desirable it is to undertake the project. IRR can be used to rank several prospective projects a firm is considering.
NPV= Sum[CFt/(1+r)t]–C0
r = internal rate of return (IRR)
IRR rule:
Accept all independent projects with IRR greater than cost of capital. In case of mutually exclusive projects, the project with...

...
Janice Miller
American Intercontinental University
Managerial Accounting 310
Instructor: Matt Keogh
Introduction
“Net Present Value (NPV) is the present value of the net cash inflows generated by a project including salvage value, if any, less the initial investment on the project,” (Irfanullah, Jan., 2013). It is preferred as one of the most reliable measures employed in capital budgeting since it accounts for the time value of money as it uses the discounted cash inflows. The net cash inflow is equivalent to the total cash inflow during a given period less the expenses incurred directly on generating the cash inflow. In assessing capital budgeting with this method, a target rate of return is usually set which is used to discount the net cash inflows from a project.
NPV method provides better decisions than other methods when making capital investment. When choosing between competing investments by applying NPVcalculation method then: if NPV>0 we accept the investment; if NPV<0 we reject the investment; and when NPV=0 then the investment is marginal (Wilkinson, J., 2015). The formula for calculating NPV is (Finance Formulas, 2015)
Where
When the cash flows are equal then the formula for NPV simplifies to (Finance Formulas, 2015)
Where
This task in this individual project involves applying the net present value, both...

...“THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF USINFG NPV (NET PRESENT VALUE) AND IRR (INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN)”
NPV (NET PRESENT VALUE)
The difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows. NPV is used in capital budgeting to analyze the profitability of an investment or project. NPV analysis is sensitive to the reliability of future cash inflows that an investment or project will yield.NPV compares the value of a dollar today to the value of that same dollar in the future, taking inflation and returns into account. If the NPV of a prospective project is positive, it should be accepted. However, if NPV is negative, the project should probably be rejected because cash flows will also be negative.
Net present value, or NPV, is one of the calculations business managers use to evaluate capital projects. A capital project is a long-term investment or improvement, such as building a new store. The NPVcalculation determines the present value of the project's projected future income. In the calculation, the present value of the project's cost is subtracted from the present value of future income. A positive net present value usually means you should accept or implement the project. Business owners who compare two or more projects tend to favor the one with the higher net...

...acceptance or rejection, ranking of projects, and choosing between projects. To assess whether it is viable to invest or not the NPV technique can be used to compare the present value of returns and costs. If the NPV is negative it implies that costs exceed returns and hence it would not be advisable to invest in such projects. There are also other investment appraisal techniques that are employed apart from the NPV; these are the pay back method, accounting rate of return and internal rate of return method.
Net present value (NPV) is generally considered as the most correct method for investment
appraisal because it focuses on cash and takes into account the time value of money and riskiness
of the investment project. The method is hence consistent with the objective of shareholder
wealth maximization (Shapiro, 2005). The net present value of an investment project is the
present value of the net cash inflows less the project’s initial investment outlay. If the resulting
NPV is positive, the company should accept the investment project; if it’s negative, the project
should be rejected. In mutually exclusive projects, the investment with higher net present value
should be accepted (Drury, 2004).
The use of NPV technique, which is the most appropriate to evaluate investment projects, require the identification of a discount rate that is to be used in the calculations. The...