Novel

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A novel is a long prose narrative that describes fictional characters and events in the form of a sequential story, usually. The genre has historical roots in the fields of medieval and early modern romance and in the tradition of the novella. The latter, an Italian word used to describe short stories, supplied the present generic English term in the 18th century. Further definition of the genre is historically difficult. The construction of the narrative, the plot, the relation to reality, the characterization, and the use of language are usually discussed to show a novel's artistic merits. Most of these requirements were introduced to literary prose in the 16th and 17th centuries, in order to give fiction a justification outside the field of factual history. Contents [hide]

1 Definition
1.1 A fictional narrative
1.2 Distinct literary prose
1.3 Media requirements: Paper and print
1.4 Special content: The novel's intricate intimacy
1.5 Length and the epic depiction of life
2 History
2.1 Etymology
2.2 The novel in other cultures
2.3 Antecedents of the European Novel
2.4 The medieval romance and its shorter rivals
2.4.1 Romances, 1000–1500
2.4.2 The tradition of the novella, 1200–1600
2.5 Before literature: The early market of printed books, 1470–1720 2.5.1 Trivializations: Chapbooks, 1470–1800
2.5.2 Heroic romances of style and fashion, 1530–1720
2.5.3 Satirical romances, 1500–1780
2.5.4 "Petites histoires" or "novels", 1600–1740
2.5.5 Dubious and scandalous histories, 1660–1720
2.6 From dubious history to literature: The 18th-century market reform 2.6.1 The rise of the novel
2.6.1.1 Cultural status and place
2.6.1.2 Realism and art
2.6.1.3 The words "novel" and "romance"
2.6.2 Legitimating the novel: World classics, 1670–1830
2.6.3 "The reformation of manners", 1678–1790
2.6.4 Fiction as a new experimental field, 1700–1800
2.6.5 The novel as national literature, 19th-century developments 2.6.6 Pushing art to its limits: Romanticism,...
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