Notre Dame de Paris

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Abstract

Notre-Dame of Paris is one of the most prominent cathedrals in the land of Paris and portrays many diversified Gothic characteristics. This research essay will explore the cathedral in detail while emphasizing on the influence of Gothic architecture on the cathedral. Notre-Dame of Paris bears all the structural features of a Gothic cathedral including the famous rose window. By far, the Gothic style has influenced the entire design of Notre-Dame of Pairs. If there were other influences, it would be too minor to be taken noticed of. The construction began in year 1163. Being a significant building to the locals, she bore important responsibilities. Eugene Viollet-le-Duc played an important role in the cathedral’s restoration. Efforts should be carried out to ensure that the cathedral will bear her legacies into the future.

Executive Summary
Notre-Dame of Paris is one of the most prominent cathedrals in the land of Paris and a great success as an architecture building as well as a symbolic structure in religion history. She portrays many diversified Gothic characteristics. This research essay will explore the cathedral in an attempt to answer these questions: 1) What are the obvious influences of the Gothic style to the cathedral? ; 2) Has the Gothic style influenced the building completely or only part of it? If it was only partially influenced, what may be the other influence that affected the design of the structure? ; 3) How and when the cathedral was build? ; 4) What is the importance of this cathedral and how did the local people accepted the cathedral?

The definition of Gothic architecture given by ‘Thefreedictionary [online]’ is a “style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches”. The architectural style immediately preceding the Gothic is the Romanesque while the Renaissance occurred immediately after Gothic.

Notre-Dame of Paris bears all the structural features of a Gothic cathedral including the “choir (the eastern arm of a cruciform church), ambulatory (an aisle or passageway connecting the side aisles of a choir and running behind the east end of its central vessel) , transepts ( the north or south arm of a cruciform church), apse (a termination of semicircular of half polygonal plan), sexpartite vault (a vault with six divisions), oculus” and many more (Wilson, 2002, p.293) such as the famous rose window. By far, the Gothic style has influenced the entire design of Notre-Dame of Pairs. If there was any other influence from different styles present in the cathedral, it would be too minor to be taken noticed of. Impressive Gothic cathedrals before Notre-Dame of Paris too influenced the construction of Notre-Dame like Saint Germer and Saint Denis.

Laying the first stone in year 1163 by Pope Alexander ш, the construction begun swiftly, funded by large sums Maurice de Sully collected from the king, the clergy, the nobles and also the poor (Davidson and Ayre, 1999). Construction advanced from east end to west, along with the employment of four different architects at different stages. Modifications on the cathedral were carried out such as on the clearstorey windows.

The cathedrals was given the important responsibility to safe guard treasures including the Crown of Thorns, a holy Nail and a fragment of the True Cross from Ste.-Chapelle (Davidson and Ayre, 1999). She held historical events such as the crowning of Henry ІV of England on year 1431, the beatification of Joan Arc on year 1909. The cathedral was made an example to other Gothic cathedrals. Although the cathedral was regarded as a masterpiece, there was also a time when Notre-Dame of Paris was in a pitiful state. Eugene Viollet-le-Duc played an important role in the cathedral’s restoration. Efforts should be carried out to ensure that the cathedral will...
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