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Phase-out of lightweight plastic bags
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is outdated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2013) Single-use plastic shopping bags are usually distributed (for free) to customers by stores when purchasing goods. It is a popular method that is practiced in many countries for being a strong, cheap, and hygienic way of transporting items. Lightweight bags are commonly made from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic.[1] Problems associated with plastic bags include use of non-renewable resources (such as crude oil, gas and coal),[2] disposal, and environmental impacts. A car could drive about 11 metres on the amount of petroleum used to make a single plastic bag.[1] In Australia alone 6 billion HDPE bags were used in 2002.[1] Usage reduced to 5.6 billion in 2004,[2] and 3.9 billion in 2007.[1] Plastic bags can block drains, trap birds and kill livestock. The World Wide Fund for Nature has estimated that over 100,000 whales, seals, and turtles die every year[2] as a result of eating or being trapped by plastic bags. The term white pollution has been coined to describe the local and global effects of discarded plastic bags upon the environment. Governments all over the world have taken action to either ban the sale of lightweight bags, charge customers for lightweight bags or generate taxes from the stores who sell them.[3] Major countries such as South Africa, China, Taiwan and Macedonia have a total ban on the bag.[3] Contents [hide]

1 Issues
2 Regional developments
2.1 Africa
2.1.1 Mauritania
2.1.2 Kenya
2.1.3 Rwanda
2.1.4 South Africa
2.1.5 Tanzania
2.1.6 Uganda
2.2 Asia
2.2.1 Bangladesh
2.2.2 China
2.2.3 Hong Kong
2.2.4 India
2.2.5 Malaysia
2.2.6 Taiwan
2.3 Europe
2.3.1 Denmark
2.3.2 Germany
2.3.3 Ireland
2.3.4 Italy
2.3.5 United Kingdom
2.4 North America
2.4.1 United States
2.4.2 Canada
2.4.3 Mexico
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