Notes on the Psychology of Adjustment

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Chapter 13:

Key predictor of occupational status

Purpose of occupational interest inventories
measure your interest as they relate to various jobs and careers.

Super’s model of career choice
- He views occupational development as a process that begins in childhood, unfolds gradually across most of the lifespan, and ends with retirement. Person's SELF-CONCEPT is critical factor.
1) Growth: youngsters fantasize about exotic jobs they would enjoy 2) Exploration: Education shows us options.
3) Establishment: career commitment
4) Maintenance: retaining their achieved status
5) Decline: People redirect their energy towards planning for retirement.

"Glass ceiling"
invisible bar that prevents WOMEN & ETHNIC MINORITIES from advancing to the highest level of occupation.

Ways to increase your chances of being invited to a job
Search for the Right Job
proper Resume
Good Job Interview
Practice Interview Techniques

Vacation and leave policies in the world
US: 14 days paid vacation
EUROPEAN UNIONS: 4 weeks paid vacation + Public Holidays = 7 weeks

Things you should/should not do in an interview
Do's: Be confident, ethusiastic, and ambitious. Firm Handshake. Formal and Reserved demeanor. Present FLAWS in positive manner. Dont's: Attempt any humor. Give more than necessary Information. Interrupt or Contradict your Interviewer. Blame or criticize anyone. Discussion about salary.

Chapter 14:

Models of abnormal behavior
Medical Model: Disease.
Conventional Model: Demon Possession

Criterions for abnormal behavior
Deviance: their behavior deviates from socially acceptable norms Maladaptive behavior: everyday adaptive behavior is impaired Personal Distress: people troubled by depression or anxiety disorder

Differences between agoraphobia, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder Agoraphobia: fear of going out to public places
Panic Disorder: sudden and unexpected recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety Generalized anxiety disorder: chronic high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat. OCD: persistant, uncontrolled intrusions of unwanted thoughts and urges to engage in senseless rituals

Reasons people suffer from anxiety according to cognitive theorists - They see threat everywhere.
misinterpret harmless situations as threatening
focus excessive attention on perceived threats
selectively recall information that seem threatening

Differences between major depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia -Major Depression: persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure Bipolar disorder: experience of both depressed and maniac periods Schizophrenia: Identity Disorder

Facts about eating disorders
Binge eating is also a disorder
Anorexia and Bulimia are associated with Psychopathology; lead to medical problems Females 90%-95% of eating disorders & mostly between 15-20
There seems to be Genetic vulnerability to eating disorder which may be mediated by heritable personality traits. Cultural Pressure on women to be thin
Family dynamics and disturbed thinking contribute to eating disorder

Criticisms of the medical model
it is difficult to draw a clear line between normality and abnormality Thomas Szasz:
disease or illness can only affect body; hence, no mental illness. Abnormal behavior usually involves deviation from social norms rather than illness it is more a “problem in living” than medical problems.

Medical model's disease analogy converts moral and social questions about what is acceptable behavior into medical questions.

Characteristics of schizophrenia
Deterioration of adaptive behavior
Irrational thought
distorted perception
disturbed mood

Role of classical conditioning and operant conditioning in the development of anxiety responses - Many anxiety responses, especially phobias, may be caused by Classical conditioning...
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