March 3, 2013
Queen Elizabeth I
She led as a woman, in what was very much a man’s world; she did so with courage, grace, and intelligence. Queen Elizabeth I, an amazing female monarch in Europe, solved the religious turmoil in England, defeated the Spanish Armada, and strongly supported the Renaissance. Elizabeth’s father, Henry VIII, had changed the entire country’s religion in order to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon, and marry Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth’s mother. He divorced his first wife, hoping that Anne Boleyn would be able to bear him the son he needed. When Elizabeth was born on September 7, 1533 at the Greenwich Palace, her father was bitterly disappointed. She spent most of her childhood in the Greenwich Palace, where she was born. Elizabeth was not even three years old when her mother was beheaded on May 19, 1536; she was charged with incest and adultery, but most historians agree that these charges were false. Before Henry VIII died, he named his son, Edward VI, as his successor. Edward was born to him by his third wife, Jane Seymour. Edward became king at ten years old, but he was a mere figurehead and died at the tragic age of fifteen years, a result of tuberculosis and measles. He was then succeeded by Mary I, his half-sister born to King Henry by his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Mary often suspected Elizabeth for plotting against her. Mary spent two months in the Tower of London and then was sent to Woodstock, large estate where she was kept under house arrest for eleven months. Mary was nicknamed “Bloody Mary” for all the people she had killed during her five-year reign as Queen of England. Elizabeth was twenty- five years old when she became the next ruler with the ambition to repair all the mistakes Mary had done. On January 15, 1559 Elizabeth was crowned Queen by Owen Oglethorpe, bishop of Carlisle, at Westminster Abbey.
Many were enthusiastic for the new queen, but some worried that Elizabeth was unfit to repair the religious...
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