Imperialism: 1 countries domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country. Forms: colony(control everything) protectorate(had its own gov but policies guided by a foreign power) sphere of influence(economic only). Needed raw materials + desire for new markets. Acquire lands often thru military measures. Nationalism: pride in 1’s own nation. Desire for independence, self-rule, + restoration of their customs and traditions. Helped stir revolts. Bcame 1 of the most pwrful forces @ wrk in Europe during the 1800s. Conscription: compulsory call to military service +universal military training. Draft to call up 18-45 yr olds. Many pwers adopted this to increase military arms.Coup d’etat: sudden overthrow of gov leaders by a small group. Quick seizure of power. Nap and Louis napoleon did this. Sphere of influence. Area in a country where the imperial power has exclusive rights to trade or invest. Form of imperialism. Divide china into s.o.p. in 1890’s. _______________________________
(nephew of austro-hungarian emperor francis joseph) Francis Ferdinand and wife assassinated by gavrilo princip in Sarajevo- capital of bosnia. Serbia held responsible. Germany sends ah blank check to show support. A.h. gve Serbia ultimatum with conditions to avoid consequences. Serbs response not satisfy ah and they mobilze and declare war. The European alliance system dragged a whole continent into war…a local dispute between ah and Serbian into a global conflict. Years of deadlock, trench warfare, and single battles that killed millions. the two sides included the central powers: germ, ah, Bulgaria, ottoman empire. Allied powers: gb, fran, russ, serb, and us. The result of ww I left many dead and nations bankrupt. Central power nations were broken up and new nations were formed. They lost terrioty and prestige. The treaty of Versailles left Germany and other defeated nations weakened and Germanys resentment formed into Nazism two decades later. One...
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