Northerners in the Civil War

Topics: American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln, United States Pages: 7 (2771 words) Published: April 22, 2013
Honors United States History I

History is always written by the winners of the war; the full story is never heard and many times forgotten. The South was perceived as the instigators and the culprits that caused the Civil War. Contrary to the popular belief, Northerners provoked the war. As a result of individual actions, the war for state rights, and the Northerners' assumption of power over the south, the Northern states should be held accountable for provoking the Civil War. Many people think that all of the Northerners wanted to abolish slavery; this was not the case at first. The southern states are also believed to be the ones who wanted to retain slavery. The South didn’t even want slavery when it was first introduced. In reality the South initially prohibited slave trade in the late 1600’s, and it was not until the North pressured the South when that changed. The slave trade between Africa and the New England colonies rose and the Southern states demanded that the fundamental law under the Constitution that the government should prohibit the importing of humans from Africa. Despite their efforts, New England agreed to a compromise that the slave trade would be restricted in 1800 but with the persistency of New England gave them more time to keep slave trade legal (Wheeler).The five New England states imported slaves brought from Africa to America (Wheeler).Their main motives were to encourage industrialism while profiting from free labor and Southern resources. Many wealthy textile industry owners had a large influence on the economy; as Europe bought more manufactured goods from the New England colonies, the North pressed the South for more cotton production. The North relied on slavery to produce massive amounts of cotton to make sure that they frequently traded with Europe. The North had a large advantage because they would be making money without having to put real effort into it, and being away from where it was being made. “Northern manufacturers wanted tariffs imposed on imported foreign goods that could be made in the United States to ensure that the South bought northern goods” (BGT). The taxes in the north were lower because they imposed tariffs on the South that would tax them when cotton was exported from the South and imported to the North. Basically, the North relied on slavery for their economic benefits. The slaves were long lasting, free labor, and could be overworked. This was unethical and ironic that a “free country” was relying on slave labor to boost their economy. They ripped families apart daily for their own profit. "Think about the contradiction: Here you have the federal capital of the United States, the nation 'dedicated to the proposition of human freedom' tolerating and profiting from, the selling of human beings into bondage”(Rense). All in all, the North profited from slavery even though there was no slavery in the North. All things considered, slavery was one of, if not the biggest factor contributing to the Civil War. The Northerners provoked the civil war with individual actions as well as actions taken by the government that usually leaned toward the Northern side. To begin with, the Northerners being blamed for the Civil War could be dated back to the times of our founding fathers. When our nation's laws were being founded, not enough thought was given to the matters on the appointment of House of Representatives. After weeks of debating, the Connecticut Compromise made a deal that would give the southern states a way of holding their slaves forever. The compromise agreed that representatives would be apportioned according to the white population of each state—plus three-fifths of their slaves (Maynard). Ultimately, this meant that the more slaves that the southern states had, the more power they had to keep their state a slave-holding state. The quickness and the way the early government in the United States was prone for...
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