Northern and Southern Colonies

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Though the Northern & Southern colonies were close to each other, they held many similarities and differences. America was a place of dreams until immigrants began sailing to its’ shores. An influx of immigrants came to America in the 17th century were English, but there were also Dutch, Swedes and Germans in the middle region, a few French Huguenots in South Carolina and elsewhere, slaves from Africa, mainly in the South, and a scattering of Spaniards, Italians and Portuguese all through the colonies. They had sailed and sought after religious freedom, economic growth and better government.

The northern and southern colonies were recognized for different purposes, were populated by different groups of people and had different economic bases. In the south, which consists of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Maryland and Virginia, the economy was based on plantations and what that plantation grew. The cash crop for the south was Tobacco, it made a lot of money for the people who grew it and there was a great demand for it in England. The south needed to produce more products to make more money, so in order to do that they needed more land. It was also much easier to grow crops in the south because of the warm climate. Southern colonies grew their own food along with growing three major cash crops: tobacco, rice, and indigo. These were grown on plantations generally worked by slaves and indentured servants. The main exchange of the South was with England. Plantations kept people widely separate which prevented the growth of many towns. The economy became a completely agrarian economy with flat lands and fertile soil that complemented the conditions for farming. The cash crops were often sold to other colonies and even to England. The plantation system relied on slavery as its major economic support. White owners held large landholdings where slaves cultivated crops that brought a hefty return in markets throughout the Atlantic region. Tobacco from...
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