The Arctic and Antarctic regions are home to some of the coldest and unapproachable landscapes in existence, making them the two of the most underdeveloped areas known to man. While located at the two extremes of the Earth, both the North Pole and South Pole play a similar and important role in the balance of our planet.
The North Pole is located at the highest point in the globe, and is one of two axis points that the Earth rotates on. It has no land mass and consists only of ice, which constantly moves making it difficult to explore or construct any kind of station there. The ice forms are located upon the Arctic Ocean, the most northern body of water on Earth. The ocean depth at the North Pole has been estimated at just over 4200 metres. There is little inhabitation there, due in part to the cold climate which on average during the winter is as low as negative 43 degrees Celsius. The few exceptions that remain in the North Pole are polar bears, several arctic bird species, arctic seals, and arctic foxes. Although the North Pole is extremely cold, it has a warmer climate than the South Pole. This is a result of the Arctic’s location, which is at sea level in the middle of an ocean which acts as a reservoir of heat. Recent oil discoveries have caused research and exploration to increase in the Arctic in hopes of utilizing any resources there may be. Scientists fear however, that global warming is currently destroying the ice caps, and predict that by the summer of 2014 they will have completely melted. This prediction was made earlier for the year 2008, but it failed to come true. There are two North Pole’s, The Terrestrial North Pole and the Northern Magnetic Pole. The Terrestrial North Pole is what appears on the map, at 90 degree latitude, while the Northern Magnetic Pole is a field of magnetic rock and metals that are used for compass bearings. The Arctic has no official time zone nor is there ownership over any part of the North Pole, with all manners of...
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