North American Slave

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North American Slave Revolts: The Creole Affair

Although Northern newspapers no doubt give much attention to slave revolts and rebellion during the period of slavery little attention has been given by historians to the most interesting of all, The Creole Affair.

To revolt means to detach from or rise against a higher authority for whatever reason. A slave revolt was when slaves rose against their mastered and tried to gain freedom anyway possible. A slave revolt is technically slaves having a mutiny. They pretty much had enough of all the hard labor work and not to mention brutal beatings, so they revolted. Some slaves resorted to violence, and some just decided to escape to freedom. Some also resorted to committing suicide and other things of that nature. The colonial era witnessed two significant slave rebellions. In 1712, about twenty-five slaves armed themselves with guns and clubs and set fire to houses on the northern edge of New York City. A second uprising, known as, Cato’s Conspiracy, originated in Stono, South Carolina, in 1739. England was at war with Spain, and a group of about eighty slaves attempted to march to Spanish Florida, where they expected to find a place to hide for safety. A battle opened up when they were overtaken by armed whites. Almost forty-four blacks and twenty-one whites were killed (Herbert Aptheker, 1943 & Eugene D. Genovese 1979).

At midnight on Monday October 25, 1841, The United States ship called the Creole, which was then owned by Johnson and Eperson who resided in Richmond, Virginia, and commanded by Captain Robert Ensor, left its port of Richmond heading for New Orleans with a load of tobacco and slaves. The male slaves were kept in a separate place on the ship, they were on the forward hold all with the exemption of a man named Lewis who was the old McCargo servant and was allowed to stay in the cabin. The women were kept in the main hold of the ship except six females who were the servants. While...
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