Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
The man who led India's struggle for independence against Great Britain was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar, in Gujarat. Gandhi studied law in London and became a barrister. He went to South Africa to work as a lawyer. The white people in South Africa treated the natives and the Indians settled there badly. He was distressed to see it. He fought for their cause for more than 20 years. He was a man of great courage and determination. Back in India, Gandhiji joined the struggle for the cause of the weak and the oppressed. He developed the concept of Safxagrafta—fight for establishing truth. People joined him in large numbers. He practiced non-violence and wanted his followers to practise it too. India was under the British rule at that time. They were exploiting the people and resources of our country. He joined the peaceful battle for freedom against the British Raj in India. He held many satya-grahas and went to jail. The people of India followed him blindly and fought against the British rule. Gandhiji became a great leader of the Indian National Congress. Gandhiji started the Quit India Movement in 1942 against the British. He was arrested and later released in 1944. The British finally decided to withdraw from India in 1947. Gandhiji was deeply grieved that India was divided by the British into India and Pakistan. He led a simple life and wore only khadi clothes. He urged the people to use the charkha to make cloth every day. The people in India loved him and called him Bapu. He is indeed the Father of the Nation. He was shot dead on 30th January, 1948. Although, he is no longer with us, his ideas and his writings are an important part of our lives. Mahatma Gandhi lived and died for the welfare of his countrymen. He wanted us to be Indian first and Indian last.
Principles, Practices and Beliefs Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 1) Truth: - Gandhi dedicated his life to the wider purpose of discovering truth, or Satya. He tried to achieve this by learning from his own mistakes and conducting experiments on himself. Gandhi stated that the most important battle to fight was overcoming his own demons, fears, and insecurities. Gandhi summarized his beliefs first when he said "God is Truth". He would later change this statement to "Truth is God". Thus, Satya (Truth) in Gandhi's philosophy is "God". 2) Nonviolence: - Although Gandhi was not the originator of the principle of non-violence; he was the first to apply it in the political field on a large scale. The concept of nonviolence (ahimsa) and nonresistance has a long history in Indian religious thought and has had many revivals in Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Jewish and Christian contexts. Gandhi explains his philosophy and way of life in his autobiography. He was quoted as saying: "When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love has always won. There have been tyrants and murderers and for a time they seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall — think of it, always." "What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans, and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty and democracy?" "An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind."
"There are many causes that I am prepared to die for but no causes that I am prepared to kill for." In applying these principles, Gandhi did not balk from taking them to their most logical extremes in envisioning a world where even government, police and armies were nonviolent. The quotations below are from the book "For Pacifists." The science of war leads one to dictatorship, pure and simple. The science of non-violence alone can lead one to pure democracy...Power based on love is thousand times more effective and permanent than power derived from fear of punishment....It is a blasphemy to say non-violence can be practiced only by individuals and never by nations which are...
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