Sofia Martinez Flores
This essay is about how human beings despite we are the only specie in the world that uses verbal communication the majority of our communication is nonverbal, nonverbal communication goes beyond body language, appearance, gestures, etc, that is why many scientists and philosophers through out history had studied how human beings use nonverbal communication including the themes of mimesis, nature /nurture and affects and emotions. Mimesis
Mimesis is a term that carries a wide range of meanings, it is the Greek word for imitation, Imitation has been central to philosophical discourse through history, Plato and Aristotle were the first to treat this subject, Plato said that “all elements of matter in the created world were a mere shadow, or imitation of their absolute form in the non material realm of the Good.”, mimesis was view as a weaker and distortional version of reality that limited intelligence and destroy identity, that idea is still latent because imitation is nowadays related to lack of initiative, submissiveness, comfort zone, unoriginal and conformism. On the other hand Aristotle had a much more positive opinion about mimesis, he said “ imitation is natural to man from childhood, one of his advantages over the lower animals being this, that he is the most imitative creature in the world, and learns at first by imitation” Since we are born our learning is based on imitation, babies tend to imitate adult gestures, voice, etc. and as we grow up imitation continuous, Meltzoff and Moore (1977) unwittingly discovered that newborn infants were able to learn via imitation immediately upon birth. What they found at first was that two-to three-week-old infants could instantly match body parts between themselves and adults, being able, for example, to imitate facial expressions and various hand gestures, “imitation is such a unique behavior that is basically what makes us humans” Garrels, S. (2011) Imitation is the one if not the fundamental mechanism driving human development motivation, and cultural evolution. “Imitation is not only the basis of how we learn, but also how we understand each others intentions and desires, establish emotional bonds, fall in love, become jealous, compete with one another, and violently destroy each other, all the while operating largely outside of our conscious awareness”(Scott R. Garrels, 2011,p.1) Imitation is key on our lives, all human beings tend to imitate, but at some point someone has to do something different in order to someone to imitate it but in another perspective an innovation would be an attempt to be different but it would end on the same thing, imitating the fact to be different as Gabriel Trade says on his work Laws of imitation all human life is imitation or innovation, so all innovation is based on imitation. Humans not only imitate surface behaviors but also we are motivated, unknowingly to imitative or mimetic Desire, that’s what Rene Girard says, he describes the human desire as a “triangular” phenomenon involving a subject, a model and a desire object, he argues that human desire was essentially imitated from the desire of others, it is not an autonomous expression of the individual self, our particular desires are determines by what is found desirable by others in our social world, that is why nowadays celebrities, politics, athletes, etc becomes role models. As we tend to copy each other's desires human acquisitiveness, envy competition and conflicts starts and we are in perpetual conflict with one another over the objects of our desire This problem is nothing new it started in early human communities, this conflict created a permanent threat of violence and forced communities to unify against someone, we as human beings tend to chose a victim, a scapegoat, whom the community could unite and keep it out of the group and blame everything on him, Girard uses the bible as an example of this. To fully...
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