Congress session held at Calcutta September 1920 had a discussion with Khilafat Committee members and decided to launch a Mass movement under the leadership of Gandhiji called the Non Cooperation Movement. Another Congress session held at Nagpur on December 1920, in which Congress members collectively decided to participate in the movement. As part of the Non Cooperation Indians gave up the British titles such as Kaiser-ihind, Sir, Knighthood etc., boycotted foreign goods in particular foreign cloth was burnt in bonfire, police stations were attacked, railway stations burnt, teachers, lawyers and others resigned their jobs. Students deserted the class rooms; foreign liquor shops were looted and burnt. Peasants started a movement called NO TAX Campaign. For example, Baba Ramchandra, a Sanyaasi started a protest movement at Awadh followed by Jawaharlal Nehru who started Kisan Sabhas. Barbers and washer men refused to work for British.
Belloori Sitaram Raju leed a movement at Garden Hills in Andhra Pradesh. Tea plantation workers of Assam and peasants at Malabar Coast also participated in the movement fought. But a violent incident in Chauri Chaura at Gholakpur District in Uttar Pradesh in which 22 police men were burnt alive by a mob, so that Gandhiji called off Non Cooperation in the year 1922.
Role and contribution of Swarajists towards the freedom of India Major developments in Indian politics occurred during 1922-28. Immediately, the withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation Movement led to demoralisation in the nationalist ranks. Moreover, serious differences arose among the leaders who had to decide how to prevent the movement from lapsing into passivity. One school of thought headed by C.R. Das and Motilal Nehru advocated a new line of political activity under the changed conditions. They said that nationalists should end the boycott of the Legislative Councils, enter them, obstruct their working according to official plans, expose their...
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