Nokia Research

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ASSIGNMENT -1

Name – Sunita Uikey
Roll No - 155
MIM
Subject - Research Methodology

Exercise 1: Make up 3 different situations in which motivation to work would be an independent variable, moderating variable and dependent variable. Solution -
Dependent Variable -

A manager observes that motivation to work among the Employees is increased if he increases their working environment, Salary and perks.

Independent variable-
Performance of employees increased if they are motivated.

Moderating Variable-
For employees having second source of income/salary, the motivation may or may be a driving factor Intervening Variable-

Employees perform better if they are provided with good working conditions, better pay i.e. they are motivated.

Exercise 2: Failure to follow accounting principles causes immense confusion, which in turn creates a number of problems for the organization. Those with vast experience in book keeping however are able to avert the problems by taking timely corrective action. List and label the variables in this situation, explain the relationship among the variables, and illustrate these by meaning of diagrams.

Solution -
Dependent Variable (DV): causing Immense Confusion leading to number of Problems

Independent Variable (IV): failure to follow accounting principles

Moderating Variable (MV): taking Timely Corrective Action

Intervening Variable (IVV): with vast experience in book keeping

Vast Exp in Book keeping (IVV)
()IVV
Vast Exp in Book keeping (IVV)
()IVV

Following Accounting Principles (IV)
Following Accounting Principles (IV)
Confusion leading to number of Problems (DV)
Confusion leading to number of Problems (DV)

Corrective Action (MV)
Corrective Action (MV)

Case Study 1:
The manager of Haines Company observes that the morale of employees on her company is low. She thinks that if their working conditions are improved, pay scales rose, and vacation benefits made attractive, the morale will be boosted. She doubts however that an increase in the pay scale would increase the morale of all the employees. Her conjecture is that those that have supplemented incomes will just not be turned on by higher pay, and only those without side income will be happy with increased pay with a resultant boost in morale.

List and label the variables in this situation. Explain the relationship among the variables and illustrate them by means of diagrams. What might be the problem statement or problem definition for the situation?

Solution:
Problem Statement: Cause of the low morale of employees.

Dependent Variable (DV): Morale of employees

Independent Variable (IV): working conditions, pay scales rose and attractive vacation benefits

Moderating Variable (MV): Supplement Income

Intervening Variable (IVV): Happiness with increased pay with a resultant boost in morale

Fig:-
Happiness (IVV)
Happiness (IVV)
Morale of employees (DV)
Morale of employees (DV)

Working condition, Pay Rise, Attractive Vacation(IV)
Working condition, Pay Rise, Attractive Vacation(IV)

Supplement Income (MV)
Supplement Income (MV)

Hypotheses:
1) Employees with supplemented incomes will be less motivated to work with increase in pay scales hence low morale. [Relational hypothesis](IV effecting DV positively or negatively). 2) Employees without supplemented incomes will be more motivated to work with increase in pay scales hence low morale. [Relational Hypothesis] (IV effecting DV positively or negatively). 3) Increased pay will not increase the morale of all workers i.e. morale of Employee with supplement income. [Null hypothesis]. (IV not affecting DV at all) 4) Morale of the employees will increase with better working conditions, pay scale and attractive vacation offer. [Causal hypothesis]. (change in IV affect DV) 5) With higher pay scale and attractive vacation benefits, moral of the employees with will be increased. [Descriptive hypothesis]...
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