Javaria Rana 05-231
Nazia Malik 05-223
Sadaf Naeem 05-244
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of Requirements
for the Degree of M.A Education
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF SARGODHA
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH
THE MOST COMPASSIONATE
THE MOST MERCIFUL
Master’s Thesis entitled “Identifying Factors Effecting Students’ Participation in the Classroom” is accepted by the Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Sargodha completed in group in the partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of M.A Education.
(Tariq Saleem Ghayyur)
(Dr. Muhammad Sarwar)
All praise to ALLAH ALMIGHTY, the omnipotent and omniscient, the Lord of Worlds. In the former and the latter, praises be to ALLAH ALMIGHTY, the Creator of the Heaven and the Earth, who created the man, taught him the utterance, honored the human being and perfected him above many of creatures with marked performance. We offer our humblest thanks from the deepest core of our hearts to the HOLY PROPHET HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (P.B.U.H) who is forever a model of guidance and knowledge for humanity.
The researchers especially want to offer thanks to Tariq Saleem Ghayyur, who always welcomed the curiosity of the researchers and provided guidance at each and every step during research process. We feel it privileged and great pleasure to place on record our sincere gratitude to our esteemed Dr. Mian Muhammad Sarwar, Sir Jaffery, Sir Shameem-ur-Rasool.
Our affectionate and loving parents, brothers, sisters and all members of our family, who are everything for us in this world and whose inspiration, encouragement, affection, sacrifices, moral and financial support, guidance, experience, wisdom and knowledge made this study possible and successful. Last but not least we must admit that we are thankful to all whose names cannot be written individually and pay our heartiest thanks.
LIST OF CONTENTS
| | | |Page | |CHAPTER 1 | |INTRODUCTION |1 | | |1.1 |Statement of the Problem |3 | | |1.2 |Objectives of the Study |3 | | |1.3 |Significance of the Study |3 | | |1.4 |Delimitation of the Study |4 | |CHAPTER 2 | |REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE |5 | | |2.1 |Theories of Participation |5 | | | |2.1.1 Need Hierarchy Theory |5 | | | |2.1.2 Life Transitions Theory |6 | | | |2.1.3 Reference Group Theory |6 | | | |2.1.4 Social Participation Theory |7 | | |2.2 |Classroom Structures that Encourage Student Participation |7 | | |2.3...