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Noise Pollution

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Abstract. Traffic related noise pollution accounts for nearly two-third of the total noise pollution in an urban area. Noise, a by product of urbanization, industrialization and motorization, is increasingly recognized as an environmental nuisance that effects human health and wellbeing. Traffic noise on existing urban road- ways lowers the quality of life and property values for persons residing near these urban corridors Surat is now the tenth largest city of India having an estimated population of 40 lakhs plus at present. An inconceivable population growth rate of 76.02 % was observed in the last decade as a result of rapid industrialization. Surat is well known as diamond city and is also famous for silk and jari industry. Owing to its rapid industrialization and better job opportunities, observation is made for the migration from all over India and particularly from Orissa, U.P., M.P., Bihar and Rajasthan. Due to explosion of population and rapid industrialization the transportation in the city increased to un- imaginary heights, but due to the want of efficient Mass Transit System, individual vehicular growth also touched escalating heights. As on 31-12-2006, the vehicles registered at R.T.O. is 13 lakhs plus. This is equivalent to the highest growth rate of Delhi. Thus the explosion of population, rapid industrialization and highest growth rate in vehicle population made the traffic problems complicated. This research paper highlights the noise pollution study carried out on three of the busiest urban corridors of Surat city.

1. Introduction

Due to urbanization, there is a huge increase in the vehicular population on the urban corridors. In India, transportation demand in urban areas continues to increase rapidly as a result of both population growth and changes in travel patterns. During the first decade of the 21st century only, the urban areas in the country confront a historic transportation crisis that has become a planning war against...