Frederic Chopin was a Polish composer whose works featured the Romantic period and Polish nationalistic music. His work ranges from Mazurkas to Nocturnes, from Polonaises to Waltzes, includes concertos, sonatas and much more. He was born in March 10, 1810 in ¯elazowa Wola to Nicolas Chopin. He grew up as a sickly but talented child, often hailed the child prodigy in Poland. When he was seven years old, he authored two polonaises. He had various instructors, including his own sister and his mother. He had two professional piano courses before he attended the Warsaw Lyceum. Chopin experienced great successes in the performing and composing field throughout his musical career. During his ten year relationship with George Sand (in which he experienced extremely poor health), he composed some of his greatest work including Polonaise in A Flat Major.
Although some previous works have been considered somewhat "nocturnal", the first pieces under the title of Nocturne' were written by John Field, who was known as the pioneer of Nocturnes. This form of music was thought to resemble the night, known for its flowing and gentle qualities. This particular nocturne was written in ternary form with an exposition, development and recapitulation.
The exposition initiates a soothing but mildly optimistic theme, with a single melody on top and the bottom filled by gentle chords. Nearing the middle of the exposition, the melody accelerates to an abrupt climax, and then the high tension slowly gives away to the slower melody again. At the end of the exposition a mischievous theme creeps in, with a single melody played by the left hand accompanied by supporting chords played by the right. The atmosphere switches gradually to an agitated mood played by both hands with three voices, two melodic voices on the top and bottom and a supporting canon in between. During that, the key changes from E to B major. The mood eases for a moment during the middle of the development, but soon...
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