Noah or Utnapishtim

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Mac Arthur Highway, 2011 Angeles City, Philippines
A.Y 2010-2011

THe flood of noah and the flood of gilgamesh


Submitted by:

Letran, Rachelle Anne S.
BSN 11 – 6
Submitted to:
Mrs. dorothy joy macaranas


Submitted on: April 28, 2011

Skeptics claim that the flood narrative of Genesis1 is a rewritten version of an original myth, The Epic of Gilgamesh, from the Enuma Elishproduced by the Sumerians. The flood of the Epic of Gilgamesh is contained on Tablet XI2 of twelve large stone tablets that date to around 650 B.C. These tablets are obviously not originals, since fragments of the flood story have been found on tablets that date to 2,000 B.C. It is likely that the story itself originated much before that, since the Sumerian cuneiform writing has been estimated to go as far back as 3,300 B.C. The dating of Genesis is uncertain, since the preservation of papyri is not nearly as good as that of stone. Liberal scholars place the date between 1,500 and 500 B.C., although the events are claimed to have occurred several thousand years earlier. -------------------------------------------------

Similarities between Genesis and Gilgamesh
Superficially, the flood accounts appear to be similar:

1. Flood occurs in the Mesopotamian plain.
2. Main character is warned to build a boat to escape the flood 3. Main character is told to save himself, his family, and a sampling of animals 4. The boats were sealed with tar
5. The boats came to rest on a mountain
6. Birds were released to determine if the waters receded 7. Main character sacrificed an offering
Differences between Genesis and Gilgamesh

| Gilgamesh| Genesis|
Reason | the uproar of mankind is intolerable and sleep is no longer possible| God also saw how the wickedness of man had taken over earth| Hero | Utnapishtim was chosen to survive the great flood because he was a true worshipper of the god Ea, who came to warn Utnapishtim about the flood| Noah was the only man on earth who found grace in the eyes of God, and was really good| The boat| Utnapishtim's boat was two hundred feet tall, with six stories. 450x75x45 feet| Noah's ark was thirty cubits high, and three stories200x200x200 feet (unseaworthy cube)| Boat roof| wood| slate (top heavy?)|

The reward| From the god Ea, Utnapishtim was rewarded life eternal. | Noah was blessed by God and was rewarded all earth's flesh as meat for him and his family. | The differences between Hebrew and Babylonian cultures that these stories suggest is that what people want as a reward is different.| In Babylon culture, immortality is considered a gift. | In Hebrew culture, rewards of food and blessings is what Noah wanted. | Response of deity| the Lord was sorry He made man because of his wickedness4| gods could not sleep| Warned by| Yahweh (God)| Ea|

Why character chosen| a righteous man| no reason given|
Intended for| All humans except Noah and his family| all humans| Decision to send flood| Yahweh (God)| council of the gods (primarily Enlil)| Builders| Noah and family| Utnapishtim, his family, and many craftsmen from city| Character's response| Noah warned his neighbors of upcoming judgment as "Preacher of righteousness"| Told by Ea to lie to neighbors so that they would help him build the boat| Building time| 100 years| 7 days|

# Decks| 3| 6 |
Humans| Noah and family| Utnapishtim, his family, and craftsmen from city| Cargo| animals and food| animals, food, gold jewels, and other valuables| Launching| by the floodwaters| pushed to the river|

Door closed by| Yahweh (God)| Utnapishtim|
Sign of coming flood| none| extremely bright light sent...
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