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Learning Outcomes Ch 1

1. Describe the different ways of defining abnormality from the perspectives of deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger. * Deviance’s role in abnormality centers on the ‘norms’ of a society. Dysfunctional behavior is important to look at when deciding if a person is abnormal.

2. Discuss some of the difficulties of defining a person’s behavior as abnormal. * Many cutlers have different views so one abnormal person in one culture could be normal in another.

3. Describe the main modern treatments of abnormality.
* Therapy now days can help change abnormalities.

7. Describe the current treatment of severely disturbed individuals. Contrast this with the current treatment of less severely disturbed individuals. - Psychotropic medications are used to treat severely disturbed individuals. Less severe disturbances use outpatient therapies.

8. Discuss the impact of deinstitutionalization on the care and treatment of the severely mentally ill. - Deinstitutionalization released hundreds of thousands of patients from public mental hospitals. Severely mentally ill people who need to be institutionalized are first given short time hospitalization.

9. Discuss the development and foci of (a) prevention programs and (b) positive psychology. How are they related to the community mental health approach? - The community mental health approach has given a rise to the mental health care prevention. Prevention of psychological disorders includes community programs that try to correct the social conditions, which may give a rise to developing a disorder.

10. Describe the influence of managed care programs on the treatment of psychological abnormality? What is parity? - The manage care program is a program in which the insurance company determines such key issues as which therapists its clients it may choose, the cost of a session and number of sessions a client may be reimbursed. A parity law directs insurance companies to provide equal coverage for mental and medical problems.

11. Compare and contrast the current dominant theories in abnormal psychology. - When the introduction of psychotropic drugs came about it gave rise to the biological view. Since the 1950’s there exist more views like behavior cognitive, humanistic-existential, and socio cultural.

12. Compare and contrast the professions that study and treat abnormal behavior.
- Clinical psychologists are professionals who train in abnormal functioning. Other professions in psychotherapy include, therapists, counseling, educational and social psychologists etc . . .

13. Describe the role of clinical researchers in the field of abnormal psychology.
- Clinical researchers must figure out how to measure concepts as unconscious motives, private thoughts, mood changes, and human potential.

14. Describe the case study, including its uses and limitations (strengths and weaknesses).
- A case study is a detailed description of ones peoples like and psychological problems.

15. Describe the correlational method. What is a positive versus a negative versus a null correlation? What are the uses and limitations of correlational research?
- The correlation method is a research procedure used to determine co-relationships between variables.

16. Describe the experiment. Describe the reasons that experimenters use control groups, random assignment, and blind design.
- An experiment is a research procedure in which a variable is manipulated and manipulations effect on another variable is observed. The control group is the group that is not exposed to the variable.

17. Describe the following alternative experimental designs: quasi-experimental design; natural experiments; analogue experiments; single-subject experiments.
- Quasi-experiments are used when investigators cannot duplicate the variable being tested. In natural experiments the nature manipulates the independent variable. Single subject...
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