Expository Essay| Gives directions or instructions about how to complete a task, or how something is done.| - How to water ski or snow ski - How to juggle work and school
- How to lose friends
- How to win an argument with your parents|
Cause/Effect Essay| Focuses on a condition or situation and asks either why? (cause) or what is the result? (effect).| - second hand smoke (effects) - poor grades (causes & effects)
- staying up too late (effects)
- teen suicides (reasons why & effects) |
Definition Essay| Defines a topic both concretely (dictionary def.)and abstractly (extended def.). A dictionary often defines a word three ways: 1. the term
2. the class to which it belongs
3. the characteristics that distinguish it.
eg. truck (term) four wheeled vehicle (class) used for transportation (characteristic).| - Responsibility (facing the consequences of one's actions) - Best friends (what they are and are not)
- snobs (how to recognize them in society)
- courage (shown by common people in everyday life)|
Essay| Shows the differences and/or similarities
between two persons, places, things, ideas, etc.| - Two friends or relatives who could be compared - Two movies you have seen with similar characteristics/situations - A foreign car and an American car
- Knowledge and understanding|
Pro/Con Essay| Your opinion on a subject is argued based on reasoning and understanding. a) You present objections and refute them
b) You present points supporting your position| - Should women serve in the military? - Should everyone go to university?
- Should there be censorship on television?
- Should students have a job while attending school?|
Essay| Focuses on your observations about a book, story, poem, or play.| - How the conflict in ____ is more external than internal - The love-hate relationship between two characters