On January 8, 2002, President Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Bill (NCLB) into law. This law supports standard based education reform, which is based on the belief that individual outcomes in education can be improved by setting high standards and establishing measurable goals (No Child Left Behind). This law requires the states to develop assessments in basic skills that are given to all of the students in specific grade levels that receive federal funding for school. This Act aims to bring all of the students to a level of proficiency by the 2013-2014 academic school year and hold the states and schools more accountable for their overall results. Major components in the NCLB Act are “highly qualified teachers,” annual yearly progress (AYP), annual high stakes testing for student learning, schools in need of improvement (SINO1) and the possible penalties that derive from not fulfilling NCLB requirements (NCLB, 2010).
According to the Department of Education, the NCLB requires all districts and schools that are receiving Title 1 funds to meet state “adequate yearly progress” goals for their total student populations and specified demographic subgroups, which include ethnic/racial groups, economically disadvantaged students, limited proficiency students and students with disabilities (Dept. of Education, 2011). NCLB requires states to align tests with state academic standards and begin testing students on an annual basis in reading and math in grades 3 through 8 and at least once during grades 10 through 12 by the 2005-2006 school year. In addition, it requires the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading and mathematics tests to be administered to a sample of fourth and eighth graders in each state every other year in order to make cross-state comparisons. NCLB also mandates school districts to hire teachers designated as "highly qualified" to teach core academic subjects in Title I programs. Finally, states... [continues]
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