Phil 2 - Final Exam
NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND CONTROVERSY
I. CONTROVERSY- IS THE NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND LAW EFFECTIVE
No Child Left behind (NCLB) is a federal law that was signed into action by President George Bush in January 8 of 2002, with the support of both Republicans and Democrats alike. Those who support NCLB believe that the NCLB initiatives will further democratize U.S. education, by setting standards and providing resources to schools, regardless of wealth, ethnicity, disability’s or language spoken. Those who oppose believe the strings attached to the additional funding will give the federal government a huge amount of control over the state’s education system (usliberals.about). NCLB is essentially a re-authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) originally created by then President Lyndon B. Johnson in April 11 of 1965. The original purpose of this historic legislation was an attempt by Johnson to help fight the war on poverty. The NCLB legislation has been created to reform not only the quality of education, but also to identify and hold accountable those educational institutions in the country who fail to provide a quality education with issues ranging from standardized testing to closing the achievement gap between wealthier white students and poorer minorities. NCLB has expanded the federal role in education and aims to improve education for minority and disadvantaged students. Those opposed believe that NCLB is an “unfunded mandate” that is biased and is a “one size fits all” approach that is not effective in improving the public education system. Supporters on the other hand believe NCLB will mandate accountability to the education system and the emphasis on test results will be an aid in improving the quality of public education. While there is much debate about its goals and methods, Teachers, administrators, parents and concerned citizens nationwide have a wide range of strong opinions about the effectiveness of this act. PLAYERS IN SUPPORT OF NCLB
Those in support of NCLB are mostly politicians, George Bush a republican who actually signed the act into law along with John Boehner, republican conservative, Judge Alan Gregg republican senator, democrat George Miller as well as the late Ted Kennedy who was also a democrat. PLAYERS OPPOSED OF NCLB
The opposition would include, but not be limited to educators, teachers that traditionally would be allies of the democrats, California Teachers Association, school board members, state legislators, policy makers, researchers, parent organizations, as well as the National Education Association which represents more than 3 million teachers (choosing democracy). Obama does not claim to support or oppose, claiming only that the intent of NCLB was admirable however, serious reform is in order and he has taken action using his presidential (executive) powers to issues waivers to more than half the nation’s states while reform is underway (topics.nytimes)
ARGUMENT - ACCOUNTIBILITY
SUPPORTING: Those in support of NCLB believe that the mandatory requirements will create accountability and a set of expectations for schools. Accountability is the first principle of the NCLB act. This involves creating standards regarding what a child should know and learn specifically in the areas of English reading writing and math (grades 3-8, 12). With standards in place, student progress and achievement can then be measured; in addition, improvements can be made where necessary. Each state is responsible for developing its own annual objectives to measure student performance as well as defining AYP (annual yearly progress). Annual assessments are mandatory and they have been put into place to insure students are reaching standard proficiency levels and making yearly progress. According to the NCLB law, schools are expected to reach 100%...