No Child Left Behind is the most recent act to try and promote the closing of the achievement gap. It has been imposing requirements on state education systems that provide funding for education, in addition to what the school may already have, or receive. It has been found that the new funding is supporting low standards of student performance. Due to this limited funding the states are having a strong incentive placed on them to keep standards low. This will help allow them to avoid the severe penalties enforced from the NCLB laws when they have not met the standards set. The purpose of No Child Left Behind is to have higher quality schools, teachers, and resources for the children to get a higher quality education.
No Child Left Behind Policy of 2001
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is a landmark in the education reform design to improve student achievement and change the culture of America’s schools. (U.S. Department of Education, 2004)This act will help put an end to discrimination, and promote responsibility. The ultimate goal is to ensure that all students will be proficient in reading and mathematics by 2014. (Many Public Schools Failing under New Law, 2003)The National Assessment of Educational Progress administers tests to students to examine the performance of the children. As one of the necessities, states are required to create tests and administer them annually to students, measuring their adequate yearly progress (AYP) in hopes of meeting state standards. (Issues and Controversies, 2004)
Over the past couple years; the national government has been making an effort to give additional attention to education, which is needed for success. The children’s reading and mathematics scoring levels had been slowly declining, which brought about a call for action. With the signing of the No Child Left Behind act higher goals were implemented for all of the schools. They were pushing to ensure improvements to all students’ performances, in all states and school districts. This also gave parents the right to send their children to any school they chose. Exact principles were not mandated since the constitution gives each state a reserved right to that power; although, certain aspects of NCLB have become common in each state. Also, there are students testing in every state. In grades third through eighth, students in the public school system are required to take test annually for reading and mathematics. Science is required as well in a chosen level: third through fifth grade, sixth through ninth grade, and tenth through eleventh grade. Math and reading are tested additionally once while in high school. Many people feel that teachers “teach to the test” and therefore do not like NCLB. While others tend to feel that NCLB ensures a child’s goal of learning more effectively and graduating. However, until another approach is represented No Child Left Behind is the federal law.
Under the No Child Left Behind policy the law states that the nation’s schools and districts must meet certain benchmarks each year. Those schools which cannot reach the set mark will fall short of meeting the federal law. Following a set two year period of failing to meet federal standards, schools are mandated to propose to any student the chance to attend a school that is meeting all requirements, all transportation paid. An additional year following the given two, the school is required to offer private tutoring services for students. Schools that continue at this level of proficiency for five or more continuous years may run the risk of being closed, or being put under new management.
Establishment of the act is requiring that state and local schools are to receive an estimated $25 billion dollars. However, the government states that to attain the money the schools must acquire highly qualified teachers who will work towards, and accomplish closing the achievement gap between the diverse students. It is also a...