Nitric Oxide

Topics: Heart, Blood vessel, Atherosclerosis Pages: 4 (1323 words) Published: April 26, 2011
The supplement that I chose was Nitric Oxide. This is a very up and coming supplement in the industry and although not many studies have been done on the long term effects many more gym goers are jumping on the band wagon and experiencing the benefits of it. Some history on Nitric Oxide is that it was first discovered in 1772 by Joseph Priestly, who called it "nitrous air," nitric oxide was first discovered as a colorless, toxic gas. Unfortunately, the classification of toxid gas and air pollutant continued to be the only labels nitric oxide was afforded until 1987, when it was shown to actually be produced naturally in the body.was named Molecule of the Year by Science in 1992, this is an annual award made by the journal Science for the most significant development in scientific research. The 1998 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology was awarded to Robert F. Furchgott, Ferid Murad, and Louis J. Ignarro for their discoveries of the role of nitric oxide in cardiovascular physiology So what Is Nitric Oxide? Chemically Nitric Oxide is Nitric Oxide is composed of 1 Oxygen Atom and 1 Nitrogen Atom. Nitric Oxide is a free form gas that is produced in the body and is used by the body to communicate with other cells in the body. To produce this gas, enzymes in the body break down the amino acid Arginine. The production of Nitric Oxide occurs when the amino acid L-arginine is converted into L-citruline through an enzyme group known as Nitric Oxide Synthase.Nitric Oxide helps to controls the circulation of blood, and transmits messages between nerve cells. So how Nitric Oxide works is Nitric Oxide is produced within the flat endothelial cells that line the inside of blood vessels. When the endothelial cell is stimulated--such as when the muscle contracts--it synthesizes and releases Nitric Oxide. Once released, Nitric Oxide diffuses across the endothelial cell membrane into the adjacent smooth muscle tissue of the blood vessels, causing them to relax and widen (a...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Nitric Oxide Essay
  • Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension with the Use of Nitric Oxide Essay
  • Essay on Nitric Oxide Therapy
  • Nitric Oxide Radical Scavenging Activity of Terminalia Belericabark Essay
  • Tin and Nitric Acid Essay
  • Nitric Acid Market Global Industry Analysis Size Share Growth Trends And Forecast 2015 2023 Essay
  • Nitric Acid Essay
  • Nitric Acid Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free