Nineteen Eighty-four and Animal Farm

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Animal Farm is a dystopian allegorical novella by George Orwell. The novel addresses not only the corruption of the revolution by its leaders but also how wickedness, indifference, ignorance, greed and myopia destroy any possibility of a Utopia. While this novel portrays corrupt leadership as the flaw in revolution (and not the act of revolution itself), it also shows how potential ignorance and indifference to problems within a revolution could allow horrors to happen if smooth transition to a people's government isn't satisfied. The Gentlemen of the Jungle is a short story written by the founder of Kenyan Nation Jomo Kenyatta. The story is exploitation on the job of humanitarian ideals. Imperialism is vindicated on moral grounds and the whole story explores the relationship between the native and the usurper. A close analysis of Animal Farm and The Gentlemen of the Jungle, the readers find out that there are many themes that run parallel in both the stories. The inevitability of the corruption of the power is the basic theme evident in both Animal Farm and The Gentlemen of the Jungle. In ‘The Gentlemen of the Jungle’ we first see the normal form of mutual relationship when the elephant requested his friend to “put (his) trunk inside”. However, gradually his head came in and finally he “flung the man out” of his own hut. We can easily visualize, in this case, the request of Europeans who first came as missionaries and then traders in Africa. Yet what followed highlights the bitter truth as the European later deprived the Africans of their own rights and took the complete power of a land totally foreign to them. Juxtaposing the power, corruption occurred inevitably. Hence there emerged an atmosphere of total dissatisfaction and frustration in colonial rule because the African felt betrayed just like the elephant’s friend in ‘The Gentlemen of the Jungle. As the lion, in the story, wanted ‘to have “peace and tranquility” in his kingdom’, he “commanded” to establish a Royal Commission. Similarly under the control of the European, the barbaric system of law and order was ENFORCED upon the natives. During this system, various institutions of the state were established in which Africans were barely appointed as civil servants solely because they were doomed as incompetent or more plainly, uncivilized. Thus under the colonial rule, a totalitarian government was witnessed that is corrupted to its very core. Likewise George Orwell held the pessimistic belief that totalitarianism was inevitable.  This cynicism is reflected in both of his highly successful novels, Animal Farm and 1984. Orwell emphasizes the insidiousness of totalitarianism in the novel Animal Farm. The novel begins with Jones as autocratic tyrant and ends with Napoleon not only in Jones’s position, but in his clothes as well. Orwell highlights the corruption of the absolute power early in the novel, when the pigs take the fresh milk and apples. The pigs justify their actions on the basis of their superiority; they are smart and need more nutrition than the other animals to fuel their brainpower. As Squealer says in 2nd chapter, “Milk and apples (this has been proved by scientists, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well being of a pig. We pigs are the brainworkers.” There is no scientific basis for the pigs’ claim—in fact, if anyone needs more food to fuel their labor, it is the manual laborers—but they can count on the animals’ being too ignorant to realize that. It is evident throughout the course of the novel that when the pigs take over they claim that their goal is to preside over a farm of equal animals, all working together to support one another. Yet power quickly proves to be too much for a pig. As we see the pigs begin more and more to resemble those whom they claim to replace and in the end when animals “looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again,…it was impossible to say which was which”. In this way,...
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