Night Dehumanization Essay

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During the Second World war, the Nazis built concentration camps that were used to kill millions of people, mostly Jews. When the war came to an end, few camp prisoners were able to survive. One of the survivors of these death camps was Elie Wiesel, the author of Night. In his book Night, he shows how the Nazis dehumanized the Jews in the concentration camps. The Nazis did this through stripping the Jews from their identity, eliminating them systematically and by changing the feelings that they had towards their family and other people. One of the ways that the Nazis used to dehumanize the Jews is by stripping them from their identity. Several privileges that we take for granted, were taken away from them. Privileges such as being able to own gold or silver and being able to go to public places,“ a Jew was henceforth forbidden to own gold, jewelry or any valuables. Everything had to be handed over to the authorities, under penalty of death...We no longer had the right to frequent restaurants or cafes, to travel by rail, to attend synagogue, to be on the streets after six o'clock in the evening”(Wiesel 10-11) This shows that the Nazis stripped the Jews from their most basic human rights. The Jews were also forced to wear a yellow star, which separated them from the rest of the community, “...every Jew had to wear the yellow star.”(11) By forcing the Jews to wear the yellow star, the Nazis separated them from other groups. Upon their arrival to the camps, the Jews were assigned a number that resembled their name. Calling them by numbers instead of using their original names, is one of the strategies that the Nazis used to erase their identity. “...I became A-7713. From then on, I had no other name”(42) By taking away their names, the Nazis took away a huge part of their identity, as our name represents who we are. By taking away simple privileges, forcing them to wear the yellow star and calling them by numbers, the Nazis dehumanized the Jews. A second way that the...
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