1. Pipel: a young boy in the service of a Kapo in the concentration camps 2. Kommando: Jewish slave labor units assigned to work in camps 3. Beadle: synagogue attendant
4. Kaddish: a prayer recited in the daily synagogue services and by mourners after the death of a close relative 5. Kapo: Jewish prisoners who controlled camp inmates for the Germans in exchange for special treatment 6. SS Officer: These officers guarded inmates at the camps. They were a special police force in Nazi germany. 7. Talmud: the collection of ancient rabbinic writing on Jewish law and tradition 8. Kabbala: a body of mystical teachings base on the interpretation of Hebrew scriptures 9. Blockalteste: leader in the concentration camp; either German soldiers or a prisoner ; “block elder” 10. Lageralteste: senior camp inmate
11. Achtung: attention (in German)
12. Aryan: In Nazi ideology, the pure and superior Germanic race 13. benediction: a formal blessing
14. Gestapo: acronym for the German secret state police
Dr. Josef Mengele: Auschwitz physician notorious for experiments performed on twins and dwarves B. Questions
1.In the preface to the novel, Night, by Ellie Wiesel, Wiesel stresses the significance that his book has because he is reflecting and narrating the events of the tragic Holocaust as a first hand witness. He has come to think this way because slowly but surely, witnesses of the Holocaust are dying, and soon there will be none. No one will be able to genuinely understand and grasp the immense emotions that accompany the deaths of millions of people without hearing a first-person narrative. He now understands that he must tell the sheer truth of the Holocaust, no matter how disturbing because today, society is more accustomed to hearing of these issues. Society no longer wants to be sheltered from the truth, no matter how raw and difficult to comprehend. Wiesel has also come to understand the significance and enormity of his novel because of the growing interest in the events of the Holocaust as evident in the growing number of Holocaust museums and books that explore the tragedy that occurred. Although some claim that the Holocaust was a “hoax” and that it never truly happened, others do not want to forget or pretend as though it was too long ago to maintain significance. Rather, they hope to embrace the events and to respect those who lost their lives in such an inhumane way. Despite so much hatred, disgust, and anger towards those who supported and executed the Holocaust, many war criminals are living freely as though they have done nothing wrong. They lead normal lives while the ones they murdered suffer, along with their families as well as others who were tainted by the horror of the events. So many with anti-semitic views cease to believe of the existence of the Holocaust, and are willing to completely forget a terrible chapter of this world’s history. Wiesel believes that this improves the chances of yet another holocaust taking place, which is exactly what he hopes to prevent with his memoir and other works. Nevertheless, he is becoming hopeless of his books being able to prevent another Holocaust simply because books don’t have ask much resonance with the population as they once had. Nevertheless, Wiesel holds himself responsible to be a witness and reveal the truth. The idea of this has become his entire existence. These points are especially important because they all encompass the theme of never forgetting the Holocaust. Rather, one should embrace the events that took place, make them known, and pay tribute to those who died. By embracing and imprinting these memories and stories in our minds we can work to prevent another Holocaust. The three ideas I have chosen to discuss emanate Wiesel’s purpose of his newly added preface because they display his sentiments of his responsibility as a witness and the significance of his writings to the world.
2.The Holocaust was the state-sponsored mass...